According to USHistory.org, the five main purposes of government include national identity, defense, representation, infrastructure and social welfare. Most governments have three main branches, and these include the executive, the judicial and the legislature. All of these play a role in government. Governments originated as a result of the need to protect people from conflicts, as well as to provide law and order.Know More
The government’s responsibility to provide its citizens with social programs is arguably one of the most controversial. In America, it began with the New Deal programs, which provided Americans with food, jobs and income. Most Americans heavily criticized these programs saying that they are expensive and destroy an individual's sense of responsibility. In recent years, the purpose and responsibilities of the government have extended to include public service and the economy.
In terms of defense, it is the government’s responsibility to defend the borders of the country against foreign invasion. In this regard, all governments have some form of defense system that includes an army, an air force and a navy.
The government has the responsibility to uphold the nation’s identity, and these include a court of arms, the national flag and the national anthem. As for representation, the government represents the interests of its people in foreign treaties and negotiations. It is also the purpose of the government to provide roads, clean drinking water and electricity among other infrastructural service. It also introduces social programs to fulfill the interests of the minority.Learn more about Types of Government
A limited government is a constitutional government with limited power and checks and balances in place whereas an unlimited government is an authoritarian and totalitarian government. The United States is an example of a limited government.Full Answer >
A confederate government is a group of states, nations or territories that are joined together by a central government that has limited powers of authority. With a weaker central government, the individual state or nation governments retain a strong sense of independence.Full Answer >
A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.Full Answer >
A limited government is a political system in which power is controlled by a constitution and divided among different entities in order to prevent tyranny. The governments of the United States and other western democracies are based on the idea of limited government.Full Answer >