Q:

What are four types of civil law?

A:

Quick Answer

The four types of civil law are torts, contract law, family law and personal disputes. Civil law covers all cases that do not involve the breaking of criminal laws. In most civil cases, the standard of proof is based on the preponderance of the evidence.

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Full Answer

The side that wins a civil case may have a case that is more believable than that of the other side. However, some cases require clear and convincing evidence, that is, highly probable facts, as the standard for reaching a decision. Parties in civil cases are typically not provided with a court-appointed attorney; thus, each party has to hire an attorney or represent himself.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between common law and civil law?

    A:

    The University of California at Berkeley notes that common law is uncodified, which means that there is not a complete collection of legal statues and rules, while civil law is codified. As of 2014, a majority of nations follow either common law or civil law.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between criminal law and civil law?

    A:

    State or federal government bring criminal actions against parties that are accused of violating the law and civil actions are non-criminal acts brought against those accused of violating private rights. Examples of criminal law include murder, kidnapping, embezzlement or theft. Civil law examples include breach of contract, compensation-related cases and fraud.

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  • Q:

    What is an invitation to treat?

    A:

    An invitation to treat is a phrase used in contract law that expresses a willingness to negotiate the terms of the contract in question. It is the opposite of a binding agreement, in which all parties must abide by all conditions of the contract once they have signed it.

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  • Q:

    What are general principles of contract law?

    A:

    According to the Sam Houston State University, general principles of contract law include legality, intention, contractual capacity, agreement, consideration and genuine consent. Because the law requires contracts to be recorded, SHSU regards form as a principle of contract law.

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