The four types of civil law are torts, contract law, family law and personal disputes. Civil law covers all cases that do not involve the breaking of criminal laws. In most civil cases, the standard of proof is based on the preponderance of the evidence.
The side that wins a civil case may have a case that is more believable than that of the other side. However, some cases require clear and convincing evidence, that is, highly probable facts, as the standard for reaching a decision. Parties in civil cases are typically not provided with a court-appointed attorney; thus, each party has to hire an attorney or represent himself.Learn More
A contract is null and void when it can no longer be legally enforced. If one party to the contract gives an indication that it is unable to hold up its end, the other party may claim an anticipatory breach of contract. If the agreement is unconscionable or grossly unfair to one party, or one party commits fraud, the contract may be void.Full Answer >
Since the introduction of Florida Statute 768.0755 in 2010, slip-and-fall laws favor business owners, requiring plaintiffs to prove that the establishment should have been aware of the spill, states Alan C. Nash with the Marshall Dennehey firm. Without circumstantial evidence to support the claim, victims find it hard to win.Full Answer >
Renters have the right to be served with a legal notice of an eviction, and landlords cannot move renters and their property out without the assistance of a law enforcement officer, says Nolo. Evictions must be preceded by a termination of tenancy.Full Answer >
State or federal government bring criminal actions against parties that are accused of violating the law and civil actions are non-criminal acts brought against those accused of violating private rights. Examples of criminal law include murder, kidnapping, embezzlement or theft. Civil law examples include breach of contract, compensation-related cases and fraud.Full Answer >