Although there are both federal and state judicial branches with separate powers; unless specified, the judicial branch typically refers to one of three branches in the U.S. Government. The three branches work together to "check and balance" each others' power. The judicial branch is a check on the executive and legislative branches of government. According to the White House, the federal judicial branch has sole power to interpret the U.S. Constitution and federal law.Know More
The judicial branch on the federal level is a constitutional requirement under Article III of the U.S. Constitution, according to the White House. Those in the federal judiciary receive an appointment by the President, but only after a confirmation hearing and vote of approval by the U.S. Senate. In this way, even an appointment to the judicial branch is under the system of checks and balances.
Under the judicial branch, the Supreme Court, U.S. Court of Appeals and U.S. District Courts serve as the federal court system. These courts hear cases and controversies that include federal questions and constitutional quandary. Federal courts also receive select cases from state courts, when the subject matter falls under specific federal jurisdiction, such as constitutional violations. Federal bankruptcy and special courts hear cases related to the armed forces, tax issues and international matters, according to the United States Courts.
State judicial branches are under the constitutional guise of each individual state, according to the United States Courts. States have a Supreme Court and lower courts. State courts hear civil and criminal cases and determine sentences and damages, according to the West Virginia State Legislature. These cases include family law, estate planning and crimes that occur at the local and state level. The selection of judicial officials varies by state.Learn More
Once passed by the legislature and signed into law by the president, the people of the United States can challenge any law in the courts under the authority of the judicial branch. Laws deemed unconstitutional by the judiciary are considered void. In this way, justices of the courts become the final arbiters of the fairness and legality of a law's provisions.Full Answer >
The role of the judicial branch in the U.S. government is to explain laws of the country, determine if laws are constitutional and regulate the federal court system, according to WhiteHouse.gov. Members of the judicial branch are appointed by the president with confirmation from the Senate.Full Answer >
The members of the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. District Courts and the 13 U.S. Courts of Appeals all make up the judicial branch. The judicial branch was established by Article III of the Constitution.Full Answer >
The judicial branch is important because it interprets the laws of the nation. The judicial branch also has the power to compel the production of evidence. In the United States, the Supreme Court is the superior court of the judicial branch, and its decisions must be interpreted as law by the inferior courts.Full Answer >