Q:

What functions do political parties perform?

A:

Political parties allow like-minded people to combine their power with others who hold similar positions. They are essential for building coalitions. The number of viable political parties varies greatly around the world.

In democratic counties with some form of parliamentary body, political parties help build coalitions. While elected politicians are not forced to vote with their party in most countries, they generally choose to work with their party and support legislation the party proposes.

Some parties form around a particular issue. Various green parties around the world, for example, focus primarily on environmental issues. However, politicians must vote on all issues that arise, so these parties tend to take positions on a variety of issues when they gain more power. Most parties take a fundamentally conservative or progressive stance.

While most democratic nations have a wide range of parties, this does not hold true around the world. There are a number of active political parties in the United States, but various laws push the nation toward a two-party system. In other nations, the ability for parties to form may be restricted or outlawed. In order to run for office in China, anyone who is not a member of the Communist party must get permission from the government.

Learn More

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is McCarthyism?

    A:

    The term "McCarthyism" refers to the practice of accusing others of traitorous activity without proper evidence; it stems from the Second Red Scare period of the United States (1950-1956), during which Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin accused many individuals in government, entertainment, education and unions of being Communist conspirators. These accusation led to trials and hearings that in some cases damaged careers. The validity of McCarthy's accusations is still debated.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the fundamental goals of political parties?

    A:

    In the American political system, political parties serve the purpose of providing a platform for like-minded individuals to rally around a particular ideology. These parties then influence legislation and governing, receiving support from constituents favoring particular ideologies. While members of both major American political parties maintain more similarities than differences, many fundamental goals of these parties are quite different than their counterpart.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the differences between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks?

    A:

    The differences between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks derived from different opinions on the role of the party and the nature of revolution. The Bolsheviks believed in a highly centralized party of professional revolutionaries, while the Mensheviks believed in a more democratic party structure that allowed disagreements. The Mensheviks were also willing to work with the middle class for their revolutionary ends, while the Bolsheviks were not.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the function of a standing committee?

    A:

    In Congress, standing committees are permanent committees established under the rules of the House or Senate for the purpose of considering legislation in various subject specialties. Standing committees thoroughly review legislation submitted by legislators and vote on changes to bills. These legislative bodies review research, hold expert hearings and examine material evidence regarding legislation. Bills that pass standing committees go to the full chamber for consideration.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore