Political parties allow like-minded people to combine their power with others who hold similar positions. They are essential for building coalitions. The number of viable political parties varies greatly around the world.Know More
In democratic counties with some form of parliamentary body, political parties help build coalitions. While elected politicians are not forced to vote with their party in most countries, they generally choose to work with their party and support legislation the party proposes.
Some parties form around a particular issue. Various green parties around the world, for example, focus primarily on environmental issues. However, politicians must vote on all issues that arise, so these parties tend to take positions on a variety of issues when they gain more power. Most parties take a fundamentally conservative or progressive stance.
While most democratic nations have a wide range of parties, this does not hold true around the world. There are a number of active political parties in the United States, but various laws push the nation toward a two-party system. In other nations, the ability for parties to form may be restricted or outlawed. In order to run for office in China, anyone who is not a member of the Communist party must get permission from the government.Learn more about Political Parties
In political systems with two or more parties, less powerful parties assume a watchdog role by paying close attention to the actions of the party in power. They quickly bring suspicious behavior to the attention of the public. In this way, less powerful political parties help balance the scales of power.Full Answer >
There are many examples of ideological parties, but one of the most well known parties of the 20th century is the Nazi Party. Formed by a group of unemployed soldiers in 1919, the Nazi Party would go on to rule Germany and change the face of history forever.Full Answer >
The political elite are the most informed, educated and politically active people who have a strong influence on public officials. Throughout the United States, about 7 to 9 percent of adults fall under the category of the political elite.Full Answer >
A political activist is someone who is involved in the political process for the sake of promoting, impeding or raising awareness of a certain issue or set of issues. Political activism typically involves engagement beyond just voting, whether it be through protest, demonstration or lecture.Full Answer >