George McGovern had two running mates in his 1972 campaign for the presidency. The first, Senator Thomas Eagleton of Missouri, stepped aside after the Democratic Convention. In his place, Senator McGovern selected Sargent Shriver, the first director of the Peace Corps and a former ambassador to France.Know More
Approximately two weeks after the Democratic Convention in 1972, Senator Eagleton admitted that he had undergone electroshock therapy for mental illness during the 1960s. Despite continuing to support Eagleton after this revelation, McGovern accepted Eagleton's offer a few days later to have himself removed from the ticket.
McGovern and Shriver lost the November election by a margin of 61 percent to 37 percent.Learn more in Elections
Baker v. Carr was a U.S. Supreme Court case in 1962 in which it was decided that the Tennessee legislation had to reapportion itself based on population. Before that, the last time that Tennessee had redistricted was in 1901.Full Answer >
Presidential electors are chosen through a process that begins when political parties nominate the electors for their state. In general, the nominations take place through a vote of the political parties' central committees.Full Answer >
Gerrymandering is unfair because it is designed to manipulate elections rather than allowing a fair and unbiased vote. Politicians redesign districts to ensure a heavy majority for themselves and their political allies, ensuring their party stays in power.Full Answer >
In modern usage, a system of patronage refers to an organizational structure, usually political, in which officials are perceived to award positions to individuals based on loyalty, support and contributions provided to the company or party instead of on objective standards such as merit. In more general terms, influential societal figures provide security and favors to individuals in exchange for loyalty and favors in return.Full Answer >