According to the Kilfin Law Firm of Georgia, the Georgia First Offender Act enables a judge to defer judgment on someone who pleads guilty to a first-time felony offense. Defendants serve sentences, but this act can prevent someone from having a public record with a felony conviction.
Although a judgment is deferred, a judge can sentence a defendant to probation or incarceration. If the defendant complies with a judge's ruling, an order of discharge is filed, and the charge is sealed from the general public in most cases. The Kilfin Law Firm explains that the Georgia First Offender Act is allowed only once per defendant, not per type of crime.Learn More
According to Cornell University Law School, tort law is a violation of civil law for which an offender could have to pay damages. Tort law rests on injury or harm caused by an act that provides grounds for a lawsuit.Full Answer >
Specific rules regarding filing a judgment vary slightly from state to state. Generally, to begin the process of filing a judgment, a person must submit the appropriate forms to the local county clerk's office.Full Answer >
Deferred judgment refers to a sentencing option in a court case in which the defendant pleads no contest or guilty to criminal charges and the civil penalty is deferred in exchange for a plea deal, according to the Iowa State Code. The defendant completes the specified terms of a deferred judgment.Full Answer >
A civil judgment gives the details of which party wins in a court case -- the plaintiff or the defendant -- and defines what that party gets from the other. A civil judgment is the official court record documenting the disposition of a civil case.Full Answer >