A government creates and enforces the laws that protect the rights and lives of citizens and discourages crime by punishing delinquents. Government provides an ordered, systematic way to ensure the safety of the citizenry. Without a government, people would be less likely to respect contracts and agreements with one another due to the lack of an objective way to settle disputes.Know More
Government creates laws dictating the proper relationships between citizens. It stipulates that theft, murder, assault and a number of other actions are illegal. Government establishes consequences for those who violate these laws and enforces its laws through the police and military. In this way, government keeps the peace. Criminals know that if they break society's rules, punishment awaits. Those who disregard the law and violate the rights of others can be imprisoned and executed, preventing them from causing further harm.
Government also serves as an arbiter between disagreeing parties. When two or more parties have a dispute, they go to a court, a government entity, that decides the case and enforces its decision with the power of government. Without an impartial, authoritative arbiter with the power to enforce rulings, people would have nowhere to turn to settle disputes. In some cases, injured parties would have no way of proving wrongs against them. In other cases, angered individuals may take judgment into their own hands and resort to extreme measures, such as violence and vigilantism.Learn more about Types of Government
Portugal's form of government is a republic, which means the country is managed by citizens and their elected officials, with an elected president at the head. Portugal existed as a monarchy for 800 years, but in 1910 it was overthrown. The last monarch, King Manuel II, was exiled to England. In 1911, the first Republic constitution was established.Full Answer >
A limited government is defined as a government that is set up to have limited power over its citizens. A limited government has hard restrictions set on its powers and abilities. These limits have powerful effects on both personal and economic freedom.Full Answer >
A federal republic is a form of government in which citizens elect officials to run the government according to laws that restrict the power of the central government and vest regional units with a degree of autonomy. The federation’s component regions can consist of states, colonies or provinces.Full Answer >
A society that has no government would be considered an anarchy. Government mediates disputes between people, provides basic services like roads, education and national security and enforces laws to discourage wrongdoing from being committed. All of these would not exist in a true anarchy.Full Answer >