According to the 25th Amendment of the Constitution, if the vice president of the United States dies while the president is still in office, the president has the power to appoint a new vice president subject to the approval of both houses of Congress. If both the president and the vice president die, the speaker of the house becomes president, according to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947.
The Presidential Succession Act covers only the office of the presidency. According to this act, if the president dies or is unable to fulfill his office, the vice president becomes president. Next in line is the speaker of the house, then the president pro tempore of the senate, then the secretary of state and on down the line of the president's cabinet. The speaker of the house and the president pro tempore of the senate were added to the line of succession in 1945 so that a president would not be able to appoint his successor. Successors to the president and vice president are only eligible to assume office if they are natural-born citizens, which means that they were born as U.S. citizens, whether at home or abroad, and not as citizens of another country. They must also have resided in the United States for at least 14 years and be at least 35 years of age.
Though the president has the authority to replace a vice president who dies in office, he is not required to exercise that authority. Of the seven vice presidents who died during their term of office, none were replaced. The office remained vacant until the next election.Learn More
The government forms a more perfect union by promoting the unification of the states under a single national interest and purpose. This is facilitated by a federal government powerful enough to overrule competitive state interests and, thereby, keep the peace. The notion of forming a more perfect union was a response to the inadequacies of federal government under the Articles of Confederation.Full Answer >
The second in command of the executive branch of the U.S. government is the vice president. He is the one who takes over the reigns of government if the president dies, steps down or becomes incapacitated. Although vice-presidential powers are fairly limited otherwise, this duty is critical.Full Answer >
The U.S. Congress and the president determine how many federal courts exist in the country. The Constitution vests Congress with the power to pass legislation, subject to approval by the president, that establishes all inferior federal courts.Full Answer >
The amendment process refers to the means by which those with the authority can change the Constitution of the United States. Article V of the U.S Constitution grants the right to amend the document to accommodate different issues and changes in the future.Full Answer >