The head of the executive branch in all 50 states and five commonwealths of the United States is known as a governor. The range of powers that each governor exerts over her state varies, depending on the distribution of power in the constitution of that particular state.
One of the universal powers governors wield is the ability to veto legislation. The qualifications to become the governor of a state vary with respect to each state or commonwealth. Some states require a governor to be at least 35 years of age, while other states have no age requirement. Every state and commonwealth has a four-year term for governors, except New Hampshire and Vermont, where the term is two years.Learn More
The executive branch of the U.S. government was created to carry out and enforce laws created by the legislative branch. Among its duties is the protection of the homeland, collection of taxes and implementation of foreign policy.Full Answer >
The second in command of the executive branch of the U.S. government is the vice president. He is the one who takes over the reigns of government if the president dies, steps down or becomes incapacitated. Although vice-presidential powers are fairly limited otherwise, this duty is critical.Full Answer >
The main way the executive branch checks the legislative branch is through veto power. Another way includes the ability to call special sessions of Congress. The executive branch can also recommend legislation, which is a more subtle check on the legislative branch.Full Answer >
The U.S. Senate possesses the power to both impeach a government official and approve any treaties made by the executive branch, provided the motion wins a vote with a two-thirds majority. The Senate is also responsible for approving or rejecting presidential nominees for posts in the executive or judicial branches.Full Answer >