Herbert Hoover headed the U.S. Food Administration during World War I. He was appointed to the position by President Woodrow Wilson. Hoover was the former head of the Belgian Relief Organization. He later became the 31st president of the United States.
The Administration was founded on Aug. 10, 1917 to help relieve starvation in Europe during and after the war. The agency was successful under Hoover's direction and delivered 33,841,307 pounds of food to Europe. Under Hoover's leadership, the U.S. Food Administration was responsible for rationing American citizen and military food consumption. Hoover opposed the rationing because of the enormous bureaucracy involved; instead he encouraged voluntary reduction of consumption of specific foods.Learn More
The War Powers Resolution is a federal law that states that the president must obtain Congress's approval to commit American forces to combat. The president must notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying forces, and troops must be withdrawn in 60 days without a declaration of war or similar resolution. The only exception is in response to a national emergency caused by an attack on the United States.Full Answer >
During previous shutdowns of the United States governments, some agencies and services that were completely closed were the National Parks, Internal Revenue Service and the Small Business Administration. The status of a number of other agencies is unclear or mixed and may depend on the length of the shutdown.Full Answer >
The government shut down for 16 days in October 2013 because the House and Senate couldn't agree on legislation to fund the government, and time ran out. At the start of the fiscal year, on Oct. 1, 2013, neither an appropriations bill, nor a continuing resolution had passed in Congress.Full Answer >
For a full list of congressional representatives log on to the websites of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. Find your local delegates by typing in your zip code using the home page search tool.Full Answer >