Q:

What is immigration?

A:

Immigration is the movement of people from one country to another. The people who move are called immigrants and historically have faced a number of challenges when settling into a new home.

The word immigration began popular use in the mid-17th century and is a modified form of the word "migration," which comes from the Latin "migratus," meaning "to move from place to place." The difference between migrants and immigrants is that immigrants tend to go through a formal process to be lawfully accepted into the new country. One topic of much debate is illegal immigration, where people settle into a new country without the approval of the local or federal governing authorities.

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    What is a naturalized citizen?

    A:

    According to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, a naturalized citizen is a foreign individual who has fulfilled the citizenship requirements established by the Immigration and Nationality Act. This act was passed by Congress in 1952 and contains four scenarios under which an individual can become naturalized.

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    What was the National Origins Act of 1924?

    A:

    Immigration in America reports that the National Origins Act was another name for the Immigration Act of 1924, which was also known as the Asian Exclusion Act. The act was a piece of federal legislation that determined immigration quotas per country based on the number of people from that country already living in the United States. Immigration in America calls the National Origins Act the first large-scale attempt to restrict immigration.

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    What does "INS" stand for?

    A:

    INS stands for Immigration and Naturalization Service, a U.S. federal agency that was abolished on March 1, 2003, according to the official website of the Department of Homeland Security. The INS was formerly part of the Department of Justice and dealt with all legal and illegal immigration.

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    What are some reasons for immigration?

    A:

    Reasons for immigration include voluntary and involuntary motives as people seek better opportunities for jobs and education voluntarily, while persecution, prejudice and war in home nations also causes immigration. Some migrants travel great distances, while others simply move across national borders. Regardless of distance, migrants leave in search of improved living conditions, financial opportunities and safety.

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