The Supreme Court case Gibbons v. Odgen is widely accepted as the first true instance of the power struggle between federal and state governments. When Marshall Court ruled in favor of Gibbons, it was concluded that the federal government holds more power than state governments regarding the issue of interstate commerce.Know More
Aaron Ogden was a powerhouse in the commerce industry of New York. He owned various waterways, and he forced vessels from other states to pay significant fees to navigate through his waterways. Ogden was able to charge these high fees because the state of New York had granted him a monopoly license.
Thomas Gibbons was a trader who transported goods, via steamboat, between New York and New Jersey. Gibbons felt that he shouldn't have to pay Ogden's fees because he had a federal coastal license. Gibbons claimed that New York could not supersede the authority of Congress regarding commerce between multiple states. The Supreme Court, headed by John Marshall, agreed with Gibbons and ruled that the national government had exclusive power regarding interstate commerce and navigation. The ruling took place on Feb. 4, 1824.
This ruling was one of the first instances of the national government claiming authority over a state government. States, especially in the South, became fearful that the federal government would make similar rulings that undermined state decisions about issues like slavery and taxation.Learn more about Law
In Gibbons v. Ogden in 1824, the Supreme Court ruled that under the Commerce Clause of Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, Congress had the power to regulate commerce crossing state lines. According to PBS, this ruling included transportation and guarded against conflicting state legislation.Full Answer >
A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.Full Answer >
In a federal government, power is distributed between the federal or national government and the state governments, both of which coexist with sovereignty. Under federalism, the states are not subordinate to the central government but independent of it. Federal republics further distribute the power of the national government between different branches.Full Answer >
A federal prosecutor is an attorney who represents the interests of the United States and U.S. citizens in criminal cases. The prosecutor must be licensed to practice law in the state in which he or she will practice law before being eligible to serve as a federal prosecutor.Full Answer >