The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by making sure that the judges cannot receive a reduction in their salary and cannot be removed from the bench by a president who might oppose the judge's views. This gives judges a security in their job that allows them to make decisions without worrying about political pressures.
The United States Constitution created these two protections in order to ensure that the judicial branch's decisions would remain independent. The Constitution is full of checks and balances between the three governmental branches in order to keep the country running smoothly. Judges for the Supreme Court are appointed by the president with advisement from the Senate.
President William Howard Taft was one of the leaders in the development of institutions of a judiciary nature that could govern themselves. For many years, judiciary courts still needed administrative support from the government's executive branch. Taft felt that this created too much of an interdependence between the two and sought to eliminate this interdependence in many ways.
There have been court critics through the years that are unhappy with judicial independence; however, as Taft was able to recognize, the constitutional protection of judges depends on public faith as well as a responsive court system. The public faith only exists when the public believes that political parties will be unable to influence the judicial process, which requires an independent judicial system.Learn More
According to USHistory.org, more than 90 percent of congressional bills die in committee. Each year, about 8,000 bills take this step towards becoming a law. Committees hold hearings and debate the merits of bills brought to them.Full Answer >
Senators pass laws as part of the legislative branch. Senators serve as representatives of their state in the federal government. They also provide assistance to their constituents in navigating federal agencies.Full Answer >
According to Article II Section 1 of the United States Constitution, only those who are at least 35 years old are eligible for the presidency. In addition, only natural born citizens who have resided at least 14 years in the United States can become president.Full Answer >
Of the 100 senators in Congress, roughly one-third, or 33, are elected every two years to six-year terms. Elections are held in November, and there is no limit on the number of times an individual may serve on the Senate.Full Answer >