The iron triangle is the relationship between Congress, federal agencies and lobbying groups, according to Auburn University’s Paul Johnson, Ph.D. Special interest groups donate money to Congressional leaders to legislate for particular programs, the federal agencies use lobbyists and connections to influence legislation, and Congressional leaders receive agency support for the continuation or implementation of certain bureaucratic policies. This network of Congressional officials, lobbyists and bureaucrats forms the Iron Triangle.Know More
Interest groups provide data for agencies and Congressional members to use in committee to legitimize a particular stance. Interest groups also spend money on personal donations and the use of a contact network and use funds to craft national messaging on an issue or program. The federal agencies lean on these interest groups to press Congressional committee members with expertise in a specific area. With the backing of special interest groups and the support of federal agencies, Congressional committees act as a barrier against executive-level involvement through the rule-making or budgetary process. This limits the balance of power between the president and the rest of the executive branch.
This system is in contrast to the ideal of Weberian bureaucracy that spawned the merit-based system of most governmental hiring. It includes a strict set of rules and conduct from each member of the bureaucracy.Learn more about Branches of Government
A pocket veto occurs when Congress adjourns before the president signs a bill into law. The United States Constitution states the president has ten days to sign or veto legislation. If Congress adjourns within the ten-day period, then the bill does not become law.Full Answer >
The Constitution of the United States grants the power to declare war to Congress. Article I, Section 8 states that "Congress shall have power to ... declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water."Full Answer >
The Elastic Clause, formally known as the Necessary and Proper Clause, allows Congress to enact laws that are necessary and proper to carry out the powers given by the Constitution. Congress has the opportunity to act or create laws where the Constitution does not explicitly give the authority to act.Full Answer >
There are 435 members in the United States House of Representatives and each of these members represents approximately 710,000 people, as noted by Indiana University's The Center on Congress. California has the most representatives with 53 members, Texas is second with 36 members and New York and Florida are third with 27 members.Full Answer >