The iron triangle is the relationship between Congress, federal agencies and lobbying groups, according to Auburn University’s Paul Johnson, Ph.D. Special interest groups donate money to Congressional leaders to legislate for particular programs, the federal agencies use lobbyists and connections to influence legislation, and Congressional leaders receive agency support for the continuation or implementation of certain bureaucratic policies. This network of Congressional officials, lobbyists and bureaucrats forms the Iron Triangle.Know More
Interest groups provide data for agencies and Congressional members to use in committee to legitimize a particular stance. Interest groups also spend money on personal donations and the use of a contact network and use funds to craft national messaging on an issue or program. The federal agencies lean on these interest groups to press Congressional committee members with expertise in a specific area. With the backing of special interest groups and the support of federal agencies, Congressional committees act as a barrier against executive-level involvement through the rule-making or budgetary process. This limits the balance of power between the president and the rest of the executive branch.
This system is in contrast to the ideal of Weberian bureaucracy that spawned the merit-based system of most governmental hiring. It includes a strict set of rules and conduct from each member of the bureaucracy.Learn more about Branches of Government
According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress cannot grant individuals or groups titles of nobility, pass laws that punish specific individuals or groups, retroactively make something illegal or suspend people's right to know why they are being charged with a crime. This is except in cases of emergency.Full Answer >
Filing a congressional complaint means consulting a member of congress and asking him or her to put forth the issue that you have raised for debate in Congress. This is normally one of the avenues that members of the armed forces can use to raise issues, such as acts bribery within the ranks.Full Answer >
The people in districts who are represented in Congress are called constituents. Constituents are people who elect a congressperson to represent them, and elected leaders connect their voters to the government.Full Answer >
A chief legislator most often refers to the president of the United States, who has the authority to influence members of Congress to make laws through veto power, signing a bill, speaking directly to Congress and meeting with individual members of the legislative body. Article II, Section 3 of the Constitution of the United States gives the president the authority to "recommend... such measures as... necessary and expedient."Full Answer >