The iron triangle is the relationship between Congress, federal agencies and lobbying groups, according to Auburn University’s Paul Johnson, Ph.D. Special interest groups donate money to Congressional leaders to legislate for particular programs, the federal agencies use lobbyists and connections to influence legislation, and Congressional leaders receive agency support for the continuation or implementation of certain bureaucratic policies. This network of Congressional officials, lobbyists and bureaucrats forms the Iron Triangle.Know More
Interest groups provide data for agencies and Congressional members to use in committee to legitimize a particular stance. Interest groups also spend money on personal donations and the use of a contact network and use funds to craft national messaging on an issue or program. The federal agencies lean on these interest groups to press Congressional committee members with expertise in a specific area. With the backing of special interest groups and the support of federal agencies, Congressional committees act as a barrier against executive-level involvement through the rule-making or budgetary process. This limits the balance of power between the president and the rest of the executive branch.
This system is in contrast to the ideal of Weberian bureaucracy that spawned the merit-based system of most governmental hiring. It includes a strict set of rules and conduct from each member of the bureaucracy.Learn more about Branches of Government
The people in districts who are represented in Congress are called constituents. Constituents are people who elect a congressperson to represent them, and elected leaders connect their voters to the government.Full Answer >
Of the 100 senators in Congress, roughly one-third, or 33, are elected every two years to six-year terms. Elections are held in November, and there is no limit on the number of times an individual may serve on the Senate.Full Answer >
There are 435 members in the United States House of Representatives and each of these members represents approximately 710,000 people, as noted by Indiana University's The Center on Congress. California has the most representatives with 53 members, Texas is second with 36 members and New York and Florida are third with 27 members.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. House of Representatives, Congress is responsible for making federal laws. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives are involved. The White House website indicates that the Senate has 100 members while the House has 435.Full Answer >