Q:

What is the Iron Triangle?

A:

The iron triangle is the relationship between Congress, federal agencies and lobbying groups, according to Auburn University’s Paul Johnson, Ph.D. Special interest groups donate money to Congressional leaders to legislate for particular programs, the federal agencies use lobbyists and connections to influence legislation, and Congressional leaders receive agency support for the continuation or implementation of certain bureaucratic policies. This network of Congressional officials, lobbyists and bureaucrats forms the Iron Triangle.

Interest groups provide data for agencies and Congressional members to use in committee to legitimize a particular stance. Interest groups also spend money on personal donations and the use of a contact network and use funds to craft national messaging on an issue or program. The federal agencies lean on these interest groups to press Congressional committee members with expertise in a specific area. With the backing of special interest groups and the support of federal agencies, Congressional committees act as a barrier against executive-level involvement through the rule-making or budgetary process. This limits the balance of power between the president and the rest of the executive branch.

This system is in contrast to the ideal of Weberian bureaucracy that spawned the merit-based system of most governmental hiring. It includes a strict set of rules and conduct from each member of the bureaucracy.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is judicial power?

    A:

    Judicial power involves constitutional authority assigned to courts and judges, according to the Free Dictionary. The authority enables them to interpret and apply the law, arbitrate legal disputes and carry out justice.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What type of government does America have?

    A:

    The type of government that commands the United States of America is a democratic republic. The governing structure is federal, with a central national government and individual state governments.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a markup session?

    A:

    A markup session occurs when a legislative committee or subcommittee meets to debate, amend or rewrite a bill. The committee has the option of either accepting or rejecting the final version of the bill that comes out of the markup session.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a devolution revolution?

    A:

    A devolution revolution is a major transfer of power from a central government to a subordinate unit of government. Devolution alleviates some of the inefficiencies present in centralized governments that govern a large geographic region. The period from the 1970s to the 1990s saw a major devolution revolution throughout the western world.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore