According to the U.S. Department of State, the main duties of the Secretary of State are to serve as the president's adviser on foreign policy and to conduct negotiations related to foreign affairs. The office of the Secretary of State was created by Congress in 1789, and the first Secretary of State was Thomas Jefferson. According to About.com, the Secretary of State's role has remained mostly unchanged since its creation.Know More
The U.S. Constitution lists the determination of foreign policy as the responsibility of the president. However, each elected president is permitted to appoint Cabinet members to serve as his chief advisers. The Secretary of State is one of these Cabinet members, and he or she works with the State Department and Foreign Service of the United States to carry out the president's foreign policy. It is the duty of the Secretary of State to negotiate, interpret and terminate treaties with foreign governments. He or she also informs Congress on the state of U.S. foreign relations and ensures the protection of U.S. citizens while they are abroad.
When the position of Secretary of State was created by Congress in 1789, several domestic responsibilities were also included in the role. These include holding custody of the Great Seal of the United States and the publication of certain treaties.Learn more about Branches of Government
The State Department specifies four clearly established goals that it follows when making and carrying out foreign policy: to Protect the United States and its citizens, further American interests in the world (such as advancing economic prosperity and human rights), promote understanding of American values and support U.S. government officials.Full Answer >
The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.Full Answer >
The Secretary of Agriculture is a presidential Cabinet member responsible for the United States Department of Agriculture, whose obligation is to support America's food providers, farmers, ranchers and growers, in their efforts to provide safe, healthy and plentiful food supplies, as stated by the USDA. The secretary also consults with committees within the USDA. He establishes department policies, prioritizes research projects, and determines and strategizes its goals.Full Answer >
The principal role of the United States Secretary of State is to act as the chief foreign affairs adviser of the president. The secretary carries out duties through the Foreign Service and the U.S. State Department.Full Answer >