The United States president’s judicial powers include nominating judges to the Supreme Court and granting pardons. The president can also shorten prison terms and grant amnesty.Know More
The president of the United States is responsible, under Article II of the Constitution, to execute and enforce the laws that are created by Congress. To facilitate this, the president is responsible for appointing 15 cabinet members. Each cabinet member is the head of a department, such as the Department of Labor or the Department of Energy, which enforces these laws.
The president also nominates judges to the Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the country. The president's nominations must first be confirmed by the Senate.
The president can grant pardons, which legally forgive crimes and cancel penalties as well as reprieves. Whereas a pardon eliminates the legal consequences of a crime, a reprieve only postpones the sentence.
The president can also commute sentences that are already in effect, by reducing prison terms or lowering penalties. The only crime for which the president cannot grant a pardon is impeachment.
The president can grant amnesty, which is a legal pardon for a group that has committed treason, or a similar crime. The first presidential amnesty in the U.S. was granted by George Washington to the members of the Whiskey Rebellion.
The president's judicial powers are closely tied to his or her legislative powers. These include signing legislation into law and vetoing bills.Learn more about Branches of Government
The role of the judicial branch in the United States government is that of fulfilling Article IIl of the U.S. Constitution, which invests power in the Supreme Court. Congress may also see fit to establish other inferior courts. Federal judges are judges for life or until retirement, unless there is an incident of impeachment.Full Answer >
The delegated powers of the United States president are those that have been granted by Congress in order to facilitate the president's abilities to carry out his duties. Together with constitutional powers, they make up the expressed powers of the president, all of which are outlined by the U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >
The diplomatic powers of the president of the United States include the right to make treaties and executive agreements with other nations and the right of reception, which is the right to recognize or not recognize the legitimacy of governments in other countries. The president also has the ability to use military forces in foreign combat as commander-in-chief.Full Answer >
The express powers of the vice president of the United States are to be the presiding officer of the Senate, to act as a ceremonial assistant, to cast the swaying vote if there is a tie in the Senate and to be prepared to take over presidential duties should the president be unable to serve, according to the U.S. Senate page. The vice president is considered to be the second-most important official in the government though the position has often been misunderstood by many.Full Answer >