The types of cases heard in federal court are those in which the United States is directly involved. For example, cases with parties in different states often qualify for federal court. Federal courts also hear cases pertaining to Constitutional law, copyright, patient law, maritime activity and violations of federal laws.Know More
Only specific types of criminal cases are eligible for federal court. International drug trafficking cases qualify for federal adjudication if the drugs crossed the U.S. border. Federal courts also hear drug cases in which the drugs crossed state lines. Other federal criminal cases are those involving crimes committed on federal property, such as at a Post Office, national park or government building. Mail fraud is also a federal offense. Federal courts also handle select civil cases. To qualify for federal court, a lawsuit must involve parties in multiple states and the plaintiff must seek an amount not less than $75,000. Bankruptcies and international trade suits frequently qualify for federal court.
Certain cases qualify for both state and federal court. These include class-action lawsuits, environmental lawsuits, disputes regarding the interaction of state and federal laws, and cases involving simultaneous violation of state and federal laws. Civil rights cases occasionally qualify for both court systems as well.Learn more about Law
Individuals can find information on civil court cases by visiting the state's government website and searching for cases by name or case number, states the Virginia and Arizona court websites. Some websites also allow individuals to search the court calendar, rather than individual cases.Full Answer >
A federal prosecutor is an attorney who represents the interests of the United States and U.S. citizens in criminal cases. The prosecutor must be licensed to practice law in the state in which he or she will practice law before being eligible to serve as a federal prosecutor.Full Answer >
Federal courts hear cases that require uniform application of federal law, such as cases involving constitutional issues, copyrights, patents and bankruptcy. This also includes federal statutes such as federal civil rights laws. Federal courts decide some cases arising between parties from different states.Full Answer >
According to the American Judicature Society, there are a number of famous court cases involving the Seventh Amendment, the most notable of which are United States v. Wonson, Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc., and Beacon Theatres v. Westover. Supreme Court justices decide cases involving the Seventh Amendment by applying the "historical test," which is a constitutional interpretation in which English common law is applied to determine whether a jury trial is necessary.Full Answer >