The types of cases heard in federal court are those in which the United States is directly involved. For example, cases with parties in different states often qualify for federal court. Federal courts also hear cases pertaining to Constitutional law, copyright, patient law, maritime activity and violations of federal laws.Know More
Only specific types of criminal cases are eligible for federal court. International drug trafficking cases qualify for federal adjudication if the drugs crossed the U.S. border. Federal courts also hear drug cases in which the drugs crossed state lines. Other federal criminal cases are those involving crimes committed on federal property, such as at a Post Office, national park or government building. Mail fraud is also a federal offense. Federal courts also handle select civil cases. To qualify for federal court, a lawsuit must involve parties in multiple states and the plaintiff must seek an amount not less than $75,000. Bankruptcies and international trade suits frequently qualify for federal court.
Certain cases qualify for both state and federal court. These include class-action lawsuits, environmental lawsuits, disputes regarding the interaction of state and federal laws, and cases involving simultaneous violation of state and federal laws. Civil rights cases occasionally qualify for both court systems as well.Learn more about Law
Federal courts hear cases that require uniform application of federal law, such as cases involving constitutional issues, copyrights, patents and bankruptcy. This also includes federal statutes such as federal civil rights laws. Federal courts decide some cases arising between parties from different states.Full Answer >
A case number may be used to check court appearance dates based on the court calendar or through a case access system supplied by some courts in the United States, according to the Superior Court of California in Santa Clara. Information about court appearances may vary from state to state.Full Answer >
According to the American Judicature Society, there are a number of famous court cases involving the Seventh Amendment, the most notable of which are United States v. Wonson, Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc., and Beacon Theatres v. Westover. Supreme Court justices decide cases involving the Seventh Amendment by applying the "historical test," which is a constitutional interpretation in which English common law is applied to determine whether a jury trial is necessary.Full Answer >
To file a lawsuit, an individual files a complaint, decides where the case is to be heard, serves the defendant a summons and waits for the defendant to respond to the complaint, according to HowStuffWorks. Once he receives a summons, the defendant can file a countersuit.Full Answer >