Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) contemplated a republic in which a community of people gave up individual rights to promote the good of the community, rather than to a monarch or elected representatives, as stated by the Constitutional Rights Foundation. As a result, voting became the means of expressing the general will of "all the people" and to establish community statues and laws. This type of representation was called "direct democracy."Know More
Rousseau envisioned a "civil state" where each individual enjoyed "security, justice, liberty" and protected property. He imagined a gathering of individuals who voted by consensus to determine applicable community laws. Rousseau's concept was embodied in the U.S. Constitution by the words "We the people ...".
Rousseau detested authority and as a result, his vision strove to restore "respect and creativity" to individuals. The Britannica states that Rousseau believed that the "one for all" approach was basically cooperation between individuals to secure life's necessities. He felt that a united effort resulted in time for leisure, which in turn led to "the production of agriculture and industry."
Rousseau did recognize, however, the limitations that this type of society might impose. He realized that the "general will" of the people is often lost when special interests take precedence over individual concerns. In his view, a civil society as an ideal republic depended wholly upon the character of its people, and that its success was easily measured how well the population flourished.Learn more about Types of Government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher and composer who was famous for producing political philosophies that influenced the French revolution. Many of his political philosophers also influence modern sociological and educational practices.Full Answer >
A constitutional republic is a type of government in which the officials are elected by the people. The republic must govern according to the laws of the constitution, and its actions are subject to judicial review. Although many people consider it a democracy, the United States is actually a constitutional republic.Full Answer >
A federal republic is a type of government made up of smaller areas such as states or provinces where the central government cedes certain powers to the individual areas for self-government purposes. The citizens of the federal republic elect their own representatives to lead them. A true federal republic does not have a reigning monarch.Full Answer >
A democratic republic is a government formed in accordance with democratic principles which does not have a monarch as its leader. Its core belief is that its authority comes from and must be accepted by its citizens, according to Melvin Urofsky, Virginia Commonwealth University professor of history and public policy.Full Answer >