Modern liberals place great emphasis on rational social planning and the use of government to solve social ills; conservatives emphasize the importance of tradition and spontaneous order; moderates are individuals whose political views are in between liberal and conservative extremes. In their current usages, liberal, conservative and moderate are fairly recent terms. As a result, their precise meanings are in flux.Know More
According to Regis University, modern liberalism is a derivative of the classical liberalism that influenced America's founders. Classical liberals were highly concerned with freedom, individual rights and limited government. Modern liberals are likewise concerned with freedom and equality, but they favor the use of a strong central government to protect people's rights and expand their opportunities. In particular, liberals support regulation of the economy and social welfare.
Conservatives are skeptical of deliberate change to the status quo. They have less confidence than liberals in the power of human reason. Instead, they emphasize the importance of religion and tradition. Conservatives believe that society organically grows and improves with limited intervention. As a result, they usually favor minimally regulated free market economics and social welfare.
Moderates do not have a specific political doctrine. They may hold any of the positions of liberals and conservatives. Moderates are simply people who try to avoid radical extremes by choosing the middle road between the two ideologies.Learn more about Political Parties
Liberals support civil liberties and not economic and financial liberties because they tend to believe economic and financial liberties can infringe on civil liberties. However, while many liberals support civil liberties but not economic or financial liberties, that does not mean every liberal does so.Full Answer >
Divided government in the United States is caused by elections resulting in one political party controlling the White House while an opposing party controls either one or both houses of Congress. This can often occur during mid-term elections where only Congressional members are up for re-election.Full Answer >
GOP is an acronym that stands for Grand Old Party in American politics and specifically refers to the Republican Party. GOP has also stood for Gallant Old Party and even Get Out and Push, both in reference to the Republican Party, but neither is its common usage.Full Answer >
Congress, the United States government's lawmaking branch, is a bicameral legislature that comprises the two chambers, or houses, of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The members of both houses are elected officials who meet at the U.S. Capitol for legislative sessions. The Senate is divided into committees, subcommittees and joint committees that serve specific interests, for example, the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; the Committee on Armed Services; the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Finance.Full Answer >