Modern liberals place great emphasis on rational social planning and the use of government to solve social ills; conservatives emphasize the importance of tradition and spontaneous order; moderates are individuals whose political views are in between liberal and conservative extremes. In their current usages, liberal, conservative and moderate are fairly recent terms. As a result, their precise meanings are in flux.Know More
According to Regis University, modern liberalism is a derivative of the classical liberalism that influenced America's founders. Classical liberals were highly concerned with freedom, individual rights and limited government. Modern liberals are likewise concerned with freedom and equality, but they favor the use of a strong central government to protect people's rights and expand their opportunities. In particular, liberals support regulation of the economy and social welfare.
Conservatives are skeptical of deliberate change to the status quo. They have less confidence than liberals in the power of human reason. Instead, they emphasize the importance of religion and tradition. Conservatives believe that society organically grows and improves with limited intervention. As a result, they usually favor minimally regulated free market economics and social welfare.
Moderates do not have a specific political doctrine. They may hold any of the positions of liberals and conservatives. Moderates are simply people who try to avoid radical extremes by choosing the middle road between the two ideologies.Learn more about Political Parties
Congress, the United States government's lawmaking branch, is a bicameral legislature that comprises the two chambers, or houses, of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The members of both houses are elected officials who meet at the U.S. Capitol for legislative sessions. The Senate is divided into committees, subcommittees and joint committees that serve specific interests, for example, the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; the Committee on Armed Services; the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Finance.Full Answer >
The Mayan government featured control of government operations and political affairs primarily at the state level; individual city-states derived leadership from military leaders called nacoms and high priests or kings, who ruled as individuals or in groups. Typically, each city-state under Mayan control combined military rule with religious law. Although some Mayan states enjoyed autonomy, others fell under control by larger units called capital cities.Full Answer >
Pluralism is the theory that many different groups run a country, rather than individuals. Pluralism critiques direct democracy and instead puts power in groups, such as unions, civil rights groups, lobbies and coalitions. This theory does not necessarily mean that all groups are equal or have the same amount of power.Full Answer >
Government intervention refers to the ways in which a government regulates or interferes with the various activities or decisions made by individuals or organizations within its jurisdiction. The effects of this can be positive or negative.Full Answer >