Machiavellian leaders are leaders who scheme to hold and maintain power using what some consider amoral or unscrupulous methods. The adjective "Machiavellian" comes from the political theorist Niccolo Machiavelli, who advocated such actions in his seminal work, "The Prince."
According to Machiavelli, a truly great leader must develop his military, retain the respect of the masses and the elites and take a clear-eyed, rational approach to affairs of state. Though his work shocked the deeply Christian society of Europe when it debuted in 1513, many leaders have taken its lessons to heart. Historians sometimes refer to leaders such as Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini and Napoleon Bonaparte as Machiavellian leaders.Learn More
The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.Full Answer >
Marginalization, or social exclusion, is the concept of intentionally forcing or keeping a person in an undesirable societal position. The reason for marginalization may be done to an individual or an entire group.Full Answer >
Anticipatory socialization refers to someone adopting the standards, values and social norms of a group they are not a part of to gain acceptance. Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, defined this phenomenon in 1949.Full Answer >
The government enhances growth and stability of the economy. It provides the infrastructure and systems that facilitate economic activity while formulating regulations and controls to ensure order and fairness in businesses operations. The government may directly chip in to prop up the economy.Full Answer >