Characteristics of democracy are inclusion of the public in the process of governmental elections, majority rule, establishment of basic human rights and free and fair elections. Democratic governments exist around the world and fall into the two categories of direct and representative. Direct democratic governments allow citizens of legal voting age to establish rules and laws, while representative democracies use elected officials for rule-making.Know More
Of the two types of democratic government, representative democracies occur most frequently. While some countries feature one type of democratic government, others contain elements of both. In the United States, for instance, elected officials make the majority of decisions affecting Americans. Individual states, however, have provisions allowing for the recall of elected officials and for amending laws.
Democratic governments operate on the provision of majority rule, which states that laws enter into effect when approved by a large percentage of the population. Laws, however, protect the rights and freedoms of all citizens, including minorities. Democratic governments also allow for participation by a variety of groups, institutions and political parties. These ancillary groups operate independently of the central government, but have a participatory role, through the voices of citizens, in governmental actions and affairs. In contrast to democratic systems of governance, authoritarian governments divert power into the hands of the central government.Learn more about Types of Government
The five foundations, or basic principles, of democracy are social equality, majority rule, minority rights, freedom and integrity. All of these have a common basis in the fundamental ethical principle of mutual respect for diversity.Full Answer >
The Encyclopedia Britannica states that the role of a public enterprise is to provide services, such as utilities, telecommunications, broadcasting and transport. A public enterprise is controlled by a public authority, and it is wholly or partly owned by the state.Full Answer >
A centrally planned economy is characterized as an economic system in which the government dictates and regulates all areas of economic activity, such as trade, labor, distribution, production and health care. A centrally planned economy is also known as a command economy.Full Answer >
Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.Full Answer >