State legislatures create laws for their respective states, check the power of their state governors and reserve the power to ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The laws that state legislatures create often deal with crime and contracts like marriage. State legislatures also participate in carrying out federal programs within their state boundaries.Know More
State legislatures make the laws that govern the states. Unlike the U.S. Congress, which deals with issues like foreign policy and national security, the state legislatures handle more of the issues that affect constituents in their day-to-day lives: marriage and family law, wills and estates, penal law and state infrastructure. The state legislatures establish the state budget; the way in which the government allocates money during a fiscal year. This creates a layer of overlap with the federal government because the state legislature decides how to fund federal programs.
A state legislature checks its governor in much the same way the U.S. Congress checks the president. It can override vetoes, impeach government officials and amend the state constitution.
State legislatures also posses the important power of enabling amendments to the U.S. Constitution. According to Article V of the Constitution, the state legislatures can apply to Congress for a national convention to propose constitutional amendments and then ratify the proposed amendments.Learn more about Branches of Government
Apart from the power to propose and pass laws, Congress has several non-legislative powers including the following: powers to impeach, tax, amend the Constitution, declare war, elect the President in case there is no majority in the electoral college, ratification of treaties and trade agreements, confirmation of appointments and certain investigative powers. Some of these belong to the Senate and some to the House of Representatives.Full Answer >
The Annenberg Classroom states that the "elastic clause" of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to create any laws required to carry out the responsibilities that are specifically assigned to Congress in Article I, Section 8 of that document. The clause, which comes at the end of that section, has been used several times since it was established, according to the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law.Full Answer >
The duties of a Georgia congressman are similar to the duties of congressmen from other states and include introducing bills and resolutions, offering amendments and serving on various committees. Congressmen serve in one of the two branches in Congress, either the House of Representatives or the Senate.Full Answer >
The Supremacy Clause states that the Constitution, the laws of the United States and all treaties under the authority of the United States are deemed the supreme law of the land, meaning it overrides state constitutions and laws. It is the second clause of Article VI of the Constitution.Full Answer >