Today, the two houses of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, are broadly similar, and they both craft and vote on legislation. The House must initiate budget-related bills, and the Senate has oversight for presidential nomination.Know More
Both the House and the Senate must approve bills before they become law, and they are both composed of elected representatives. While senators were originally chosen by state legislatures, this changed in 1913 when the Seventeenth Amendment was enacted.
The House must initiate budget-related laws. However, it is not entirely clear which laws can only be initiated by the House, and those interpreting the Constitution have taken a favorable approach to letting the Senate start legislation. Laws dealing with the national budget, however, always start in the House. The Senate, on the other hand, has oversight on presidential nominations, including Supreme Court nominees.
The authors of the Constitution initially wanted the House of Representatives to be the "lower house" and the Senate to be the "upper house," which is similar to England's parliamentary system. While elected representation was valued, the authors were loathe to allow citizens to choose all lawmakers. The Senate, in their minds, would help prevent a populist frenzy from passing dangerous laws.Learn more about Branches of Government
While senators are elected to serve terms of 6 years, members of the House of Representatives are elected to serve terms of only 2 years. There are no limits to how many terms to which members of Congress may be elected.Full Answer >
The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.Full Answer >
Congress, including both the House of Representatives and the Senate, falls under the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article I of the Constitution spells out the duties of both the House and the Senate, both individually and as a whole.Full Answer >
The House of Representatives and the Senate are the two parts of the United States Congress. The Capitol in Washington, D.C. houses both of these bodies. Members of both are selected through the process of direct election. While most members of both houses come from the Republican or Democratic Party, a handful of members serve as independents or members of third parties.Full Answer >