As of 2014, there are 94 federal judicial districts in the United States. There is at least one district in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. There are also federal judicial districts in three U.S. territories: Guam, the Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands.
The district courts are trial courts of the federal court system. Under the U.S. Constitution, these courts have jurisdiction to hear both civil and criminal cases. Each district also has authority over a bankruptcy court. Each court has judges, court reporters, clerks and other personnel who are employed by the judicial branch of the government. All districts have a federal public defender to represent those who are charged with a federal crime and cannot pay for a lawyer.Learn More
Once passed by the legislature and signed into law by the president, the people of the United States can challenge any law in the courts under the authority of the judicial branch. Laws deemed unconstitutional by the judiciary are considered void. In this way, justices of the courts become the final arbiters of the fairness and legality of a law's provisions.Full Answer >
The courts that make up the national federal court system includes the Supreme Court of the United States, the U.S. district courts, the U.S. courts of appeals, the U.S. bankruptcy courts and the U.S. courts of special jurisdiction. The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the country.Full Answer >
The federal budget is proposed by the President of the United States, but all bills associated with the budget must originate in the House of Representatives and be approved by the U. S. Senate. In essence, each budget is a joint project between the executive and legislative branches.Full Answer >
The U.S. Congress and the president determine how many federal courts exist in the country. The Constitution vests Congress with the power to pass legislation, subject to approval by the president, that establishes all inferior federal courts.Full Answer >