An elite democracy refers to a system of government in which the leaders of large bureaucratic organizations, corporate, governmental or nonprofit, are able to exercise a significant degree of influence on society. Most of the elected leaders in an elite democracy owe their positions to the sponsorship of these bureaucratic leaders, or elites, and will legislate in a manner that favors them. According to the elite theory in sociology and political science, a small minority of corporate, financial or think-tank policy-discussion organizations wield power to a greater degree than the processes of the state's democratically-elected government.Know More
In the classical elite theory, or aristocratic version, what sets the elites apart from the rest of society is their personal resources, such as skills, intelligence and a vested interest in government. This perspective also holds that the much larger balance of society is incompetent and unable to make decisions relating to their governance. The elites, on the other hand, have the resources and motivation to make government work, and will do so because they have the most to lose if government fails.
According to the views of the Italian economist, sociologist and philosopher, Vilfredo Pareto, the elites in a society were capable of the highest accomplishments in their fields because of their intellectual and psychological superiority. He categorized elites into two types: governing elites and non-governing elites.Learn more about Types of Government
A presidential system of democracy is based on the separation of powers between three branches of government: judicial, legislative and executive. The United States originated the use of a presidential system, and only a few other democracies follow the format.Full Answer >
The first use of democracy as a governmental system is attributed to the fifth-century Greeks, and was introduced by Cleisthenes, the Athenian ruler at the time. Though this is the popular origin of democracy, there are indications of democratic values in earlier societies.Full Answer >
A confederate system of government is one where regional, or state, governments hold most of the power and the central government is weaker. The central government holds only the amount of power that the smaller political units allow it to exercise. This type of government is much less common than federal or unitary systems.Full Answer >
A federal system of government works by dividing the powers between two levels of government. Powers are assigned on the national level, but states also have specific powers.Full Answer >