Mikhail Gorbachev was a Soviet-era political leader famous for his role in the termination of the Cold War and the collapse of the Berlin Wall, which paved the way for the rejoining of East and West Germany. He orchestrated reforms called “perestroika” and “glasnost” that caused cracks in the Soviet Union, liberating 15 nations of the system and leading to the collapse of the USSR in 1991.Know More
Gorbachev was the first and last presient of the USSR and sought to reform the Communist Party and the country’s economy. He introduced transparency, restructuring, democratization and expedited economic growth. Under his reign, Russia developed technologically to increase productivity and control wastage.
Gorbachev’s reform agenda in 1989 allowed Andrei Sakharov, the most famous dissident and nuclear scientist of the Soviet Union, to return from forced exile. He allowed formerly banned books and films back into literary circles. His regime saw more Russians begin to travel to the West.
From a tender age, Gorbachev showed extraordinary organizational skills and was inclined towards politics. In 1947, he become famous at the age of 16 for helping his father, who operated a combine harvester, harvest a record yield on a collective farm. He became one of the youngest provincial chiefs of the Communist Party in 1970, and in 1979 he became the youngest member of Politburo.Learn more about Foreign Laws
Neither Ethiopia nor Liberia remained completely independent. In 1936, Italy invaded Ethiopia and held it for five years as a colony. From its founding in 1820 until 1847, Liberia was governed as a colony by the American Colonization Society.Full Answer >
The Berlin Wall was built to divide communist East Germany from democratic West Germany and to keep East Germans from escaping to West Germany. After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into four zones, each occupied by Allied forces: the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Tension between the communist territory and the democratic territories mounted, and the Berlin Wall was built to separate them.Full Answer >
An Act of Parliament is a form of legislation that is passed by the parliament intended to create a new law or change an existing law. A bill must pass and win royal assent in order to become law.Full Answer >
Consuls Generals are addressed as private citizens with typical courtesy titles such as Mr., Mrs. or Dr. They are not addressed with descriptions such as "your Excellency" based on their rank.Full Answer >