Mikhail Gorbachev was a Soviet-era political leader famous for his role in the termination of the Cold War and the collapse of the Berlin Wall, which paved the way for the rejoining of East and West Germany. He orchestrated reforms called “perestroika” and “glasnost” that caused cracks in the Soviet Union, liberating 15 nations of the system and leading to the collapse of the USSR in 1991.Know More
Gorbachev was the first and last presient of the USSR and sought to reform the Communist Party and the country’s economy. He introduced transparency, restructuring, democratization and expedited economic growth. Under his reign, Russia developed technologically to increase productivity and control wastage.
Gorbachev’s reform agenda in 1989 allowed Andrei Sakharov, the most famous dissident and nuclear scientist of the Soviet Union, to return from forced exile. He allowed formerly banned books and films back into literary circles. His regime saw more Russians begin to travel to the West.
From a tender age, Gorbachev showed extraordinary organizational skills and was inclined towards politics. In 1947, he become famous at the age of 16 for helping his father, who operated a combine harvester, harvest a record yield on a collective farm. He became one of the youngest provincial chiefs of the Communist Party in 1970, and in 1979 he became the youngest member of Politburo.Learn More
The Berlin Wall was built to divide communist East Germany from democratic West Germany and to keep East Germans from escaping to West Germany. After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into four zones, each occupied by Allied forces: the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Tension between the communist territory and the democratic territories mounted, and the Berlin Wall was built to separate them.Full Answer >
The role of the Japanese shogun was to act as the top military leader. It was the emperor who first granted this title. The establishment of the position saw the beginning of the rule of shoguns for over 700 years in Japan.Full Answer >
The role of a Consul is to protect the interests of his country's citizens who live abroad in the country in which he is stationed. He directs the Consulate, a diplomatic mission that provides a number of services and resources to citizens of the home country. Often, the Consulate is a subdivision of an embassy and shares its facilities.Full Answer >
Cabinet ministers set policies and manage priorities for respective governmental departments. An energy minister makes decisions regarding the production and regulation of energy. A foreign minister hosts foreign leaders and makes official state visits to other nations on behalf of the government. Other common minister positions include: agriculture minister, defence minister, education minister, interior minister and labor minister.Full Answer >