How does a monarchy work?
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Q:

How does a monarchy work?

A:

Quick Answer

Robert Wilde explains on About.com that a monarchy works by investing complete sovereignty in one person, called the monarch, who is the head of state. A monarch holds this position until death or abdication.

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Full Answer

Wilde states that monarchs typically hold and attain their position through the right of hereditary succession, which means the position is passed on by the monarch to a relative, such as a son or daughter. Another type of monarchy is elective monarchy, wherein the monarch holds the position upon election. Male monarchs are generally called kings, and female monarchs are known as queens.

Monarchs have varied amounts of power, depending on the time and situation. In absolute monarchies during the early modern period, the monarch held full power over everything. In constitutional monarchies, the monarch serves as a figurehead, and most of the power resides with other forms of government. Monarchies were dominant in European countries from the end of the Roman era until the 18th century.

In the United Kingdom, monarchy is the oldest form of government, and it is currently a constitutional monarchy. Thus, the ability to create and pass legislation rests with an elected parliament, although the sovereign is the head of state and signs laws into effect.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the advantages of a monarchy?

    A:

    A major advantage of a monarchy is that only one person makes the decisions for the entire nation, which eliminates decision-making time and reduces political arguments. A monarchy is a form of government that has one ruler and a chain of command governing the nation. Varying forms of monarchies exist.

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  • Q:

    What countries operate under a monarchy government?

    A:

    There are currently 43 countries that operate under some form of monarchy government, although there are only 28 monarchs in the world. This is because the Queen of England technically rules not only over England, but all of the Commonwealth countries including Canada and Australia.

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  • Q:

    What countries have a monarchy?

    A:

    As of 2014, countries with a sovereign monarchy are the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg, Belgium, Brunei, Bahrain, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Saudi Arabia, Monaco, Oman, Qatar, Bhutan, Swaziland, Thailand, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Tonga, the United Arab Emirates, Morocco and Vatican City. Most of the monarchies are hereditary, which means they are passed down from one family member to another, usually father to son.

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  • Q:

    What is a national monarchy?

    A:

    A national monarchy is a monarchy that controls all aspects of leadership of a country, including the government and religion. Not all monarchies are national monarchies.

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