The National Reclamation Act of 1902, also known as the Newlands Reclamation Act, allowed the federal government to commission and fund water irrigation projects, according to the National Archives. The law stemmed from arid conditions in the western states. Under the law, funding for the projects came from the sale of public land.Know More
President Theodore Roosevelt wanted to expand settlements in the West with irrigation projects, explains the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation. This process of homemaking included resources to support new settlers, such as water. Under the law, the federal government created projects in several states, including the Hoover Dam. According to the Theodore Roosevelt Center, the original act included provisions for 16 western states, but this later expanded. The irrigation projects especially contributed to successful farming in the region.
The law instituted eminent domain for federal irrigation projects, according to the Center for Columbia River History. Section 7 of the law instructed the Department of the Interior to use funds from the sale of public lands for eminent domain purposes, and it allowed 30 days to vacate the property after notification from the Department of Justice. In Section 8, the National Reclamation Act also included a provision for the adherence to state law except in certain circumstances.Learn More
The Center for Effective Government states that an independent regulatory commission is an agency created through an act of Congress, and it is separate from the executive departments. They are still considered part of the executive branch, but independent regulatory commissions and agencies must be free from political influence.Full Answer >
Worcester v. Georgia (1832) found that statutory jurisdiction of native lands was the sole right of the federal government, according to Touro College Law Center. This was a significant case for federalism, which held that states did not have the power to pass laws governing Native Americans.Full Answer >
The Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland established that Congress had the power to establish a national bank and that a state (in this case, Maryland) did not have the power to tax branches of the federal government that are carrying out powers legal in the Constitution. Chief Justice Marshall wrote that the states did indeed have the power to levy taxes, but that the federal laws control the laws in the states, which cannot control the federal institutions.Full Answer >
An instance showing the difference between an act of omission and the commission of an act is the difference in withholding the truth and voicing a lie. Both an act committed and an act of omission can change the result of a circumstance.Full Answer >