Q:

What is opportunity theory?

A:

Opportunity theory is simply the idea that people look for opportunity, whether through legitimate means or otherwise, to gain what they desire. It is a crucial element of the theory of deviance.

Know More

Full Answer

The origination of opportunity theory lies in the way that society functions. In a society, there is the concept of "norms" and the concept of "deviance." The "norms" of a society are a system of shared values that determine how a society perceives those within it. These norms include values that dictate a standard acceptable lifestyle. When a standard lifestyle established by a society becomes unachievable, people become deviant in attempts to achieve that standard in order to continue to be perceived as within the realm of norm. Opportunity theory is complex in some ways, because there is not only the deviance of deciding to go outside of cultural norms to attain those things valued by society, but the deviance of then looking for opportunities to attain them in the fastest and most reasonable way possible. Those who commit crime as the result of their deviance also look for opportunities that make the crime efficient. A criminal wanting to rob a store, for instance, might look first for one with minimum security and easy accessibility.

Learn more in Crime

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the effects of vandalism?

    A:

    The Fareham Borough Council states that one of the major effects of vandalism is that it makes people feel less safe. It is potentially dangerous, and people have died due to uncontrolled vandalism.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Was Frank Sinatra in the mafia?

    A:

    There is no evidence that Frank Sinatra actually participated in organized crime, but there is plenty of evidence showing that Sinatra has social connections to people who participated in organized crime. Whether this makes Sinatra guilty by association seems to be more of a matter of opinion than fact.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some reasons that people commit crimes?

    A:

    There are many theories about why people commit crimes. Issues such as poverty, drug abuse and mental illness often play a role in driving an individual to commit a crime, yet these factors do not offer a complete explanation of the phenomenon. The reasons that people commit crimes are as unique and varied as the individuals who commit them.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the main causes of poaching?

    A:

    Poverty is one of the main reasons why people are motivated to poach, according to The Guardian. Corruption also drives poaching, particularly among corrupt officials and policemen. Traffickers and cartels also feed the poaching trade.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore