Baker v. Carr was a U.S. Supreme Court case in 1962 in which it was decided that the Tennessee legislation had to reapportion itself based on population. Before that, the last time that Tennessee had redistricted was in 1901.
This case had a Republican plaintiff, Charles Baker, who asserted that since Tennessee was not redistricting every 10 years as the Tennessee State Constitution mandated, his Shelby County district had approximately 10 times as many residents as some of the more rural districts. Therefore, the votes of rural residents were more valuable than those of urban residents, such as Baker. The Supreme Court agreed that residency should not determine how much value a person's vote has.Learn More
A primary runoff is an election that occurs after a primary in which no candidate reached the necessary threshold for nomination defined by state law, which is typically more than 50 percent of the vote. The primary runoff usually involves the top two candidates from the initial primary vote.Full Answer >
Registered voters in Miamisburg, Ohio, may vote in person on election day at a polling location or by mail using an absentee ballot. As of January 2015, there are 22 precinct polling locations in zip code 45342, but specific voting location depends on the voter's registration address.Full Answer >
The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked. The excess vote method concentrates the voting power of the opposite party into very few districts, meaning the party's overall influence is reduced.Full Answer >
The British Prime Minister is not directly elected; instead, he is appointed by the Queen after the general election. The leader of the party that secures the most seats in the House of Commons automatically becomes Prime Minister and subsequently forms the government.Full Answer >