The Patriot Act facilitates a number of processes that make it possible for law enforcement to investigate and prosecute terrorists. Many of the tools laid out in the Patriot Act had been employed against organized crime but were not available for use as instruments against terrorism, according to the Department of Justice.Know More
The Department of Justice explains that the Patriot Act's contribution to the war on terror was not the creation of new mechanisms for bringing down offenders, but it was allowing law enforcement to use existing practices in new situations. For example, the Patriot Act allows the use of a roving wiretap for terror suspects. The roving wiretap--an authorization from a federal judge to freely tap all of a suspects' communications devices without the need of particular warrant for each device--had long been used against the mafia and drug traffickers. The Patriot Act makes it possible for law enforcement to obtain a roving wire tap order for suspected terrorists.
According to the Justice Department, the Patriot Act makes it possible for law enforcement officers to obtain warrants with limited delay notification. This procedure allows investigators to conduct an investigation without having to immediately notify terror suspects that they are being investigated. The measure is meant to preempt typical actions by criminals who know they are being investigated, such as destroying evidence or killing witnesses.
The U.S. Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network states that the Patriot Act lets investigators search bank and business records in order to detect terrorist funding and the purchase of destructive materials.Learn more about Law
The Posse Comitatus Act is a federal statute that prohibits the use of the U.S. military in civilian law enforcement, according to Oxford Dictionaries. The notion is based on English law, which called upon citizens to assist the sheriff in pursuing criminals, according to The Free Dictionary.Full Answer >
When a child receives a truancy ticket it can require the child and the child's parent to appear before the principal or possibly be referred to law enforcement, causing the child and the parent to appear in court.Full Answer >
Under federal law and according to the law in many states, law enforcement officials are permitted to keep drug money seized during raids to supplement their departments' revenues. When multiple departments work together on a raid, each is awarded a percentage of the money seized. This applies to the FBI as well as state, county and city police.Full Answer >
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act is an act of Congress signed into law by President Richard Nixon, which extends criminal penalties and creates civil penalties for illegal actions committed by an individual as part of a corrupt organization. According to the Wall Street Journal, the RICO Act was passed in order to give the justice system the ability to charge mafia bosses.Full Answer >