The penal system refers to the method in which people are punished for violating the legal system. This can be synonymous with prison in many respects, as prison is the consequence for many criminal offenders.Know More
The penal system comes from the Latin word "poenalis," which means pain or punish. In the United States, imprisonment is the highest punishment for convicted criminals aside from the death penalty. Prisons are constructed to house a large number of convicted criminals as a means of punishment for their crimes. Historically, the penal system was proposed as an alternative to capital punishment in the late 18th century.
The penal system runs as an almost autonomous system, where prisoners are kept and given basic rights. They are given housing within the prison, as well as the basic provisions for survival and health. Prisons are run and maintained by law enforcement, providing a safe atmosphere within the institution.
While the penal system was formed originally as an alternative to capital punishment, some convicted criminals may spend years in prison before their execution. However, prisoners serving a temporary sentence within the penal system are given the chance to rehabilitate while within the structure, allowing them the opportunity to make amends for their crimes and become a productive part of society again upon release.Learn more about Law Enforcement
A NCIC check is a search of a comprehensive database of information on people and assets. Law enforcement authorities use the NCIC database to assist with enforcing the law and for security purposes, as explained by Wikipedia.Full Answer >
According to the National Institute on Aging, people who can legally pronounce a person dead include authority figures such as a hospice nurse or a doctor in a hospital or nursing facility. The pronouncement of the death should occur soon after the death occurs.Full Answer >
Bail is a legal mechanism that allows people who are accused of a crime to remain free pending trial. According to HowStuffWorks, bail takes many forms, but it usually requires that the accused, or another person acting as the accused's agent, post a sum of money as a guarantee that the defendant appears in court on the appointed date.Full Answer >
Expectancy violations theory is an attempt to explain the way people react to unexpected actions from their peers as well as the meanings that people attach to incursions on their own personal space. According to this theory, communication consists of the swapping of information rich in relational content, and expectancies come from socially established norms as well as individual traits of those in the conversation.Full Answer >