There are incidents in which people are framed by police officers, according to High Times. There have been numerous incidents of cops smearing drug residue on cars as a way of alerting drug-sniffing dogs. Also, there have been cases of New York police officers planting drugs during searches, as reported by Russia Today.Know More
Furthermore, the New York Times highlights the fact that police officers can lie under oath to frame suspects, and 2011 was a year in which hundreds of drug cases were thrown out due to accusations of police tampering with evidence.
When it comes to frame-ups between civilians, there are women who claim they were raped to set up another person, Slate notes. According to data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 8 to 10 percent of rape reports are falsified. Other studies demonstrate that 40 percent of rape reports are filed under false pretenses. The general consensus is that the 8 to 10 percent figure is considered the average number of false rape reports.
False witness testimony is also a common reason why people are framed, and there are times when witnesses may not realize they are wrongfully accusing a person, explains the Stanford Journal of Legal Studies. According to a study, witnesses tend to have trouble reconstructing events from memory when giving statements to police, which leads to wrongful convictions. Since lawyers, police and judges rely a great deal on witness testimony, the validity of these statements is rarely questioned..Learn More
A crime is a charge by the state or federal government on behalf of its citizens against a person accused of violating the law while a civil wrong is wrongdoing that causes damages and thus requires compensation or repayment. A crime falls under criminal law while a civil wrong is addressed under the civil law.Full Answer >
The U.S. Supreme Court case Terry v. Ohio ruled that the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution allows police officers to stop, detain and frisk individuals without probable cause or a warrant if the officer can prove a reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. The Supreme Court ruled that the Fourth Amendment only protects against unreasonable searches and that the police have the flexibility to investigate and prevent crime.Full Answer >
According to the book "A Primer on Social Problems," crime rates are higher for Americans in their late teens to early 20s. Those in the 15- to 24-year-old age group make up 40 percent of arrests but account for 14 percent of the population.Full Answer >
Inchoate crimes involve taking steps toward directly or indirectly participating in a crime, including solicitation, conspiracy or the attempt to commit a crime. Other types of inchoate crimes include being an accomplice or accessory to a crime.Full Answer >