Pluralism is the theory that many different groups run a country, rather than individuals. Pluralism critiques direct democracy and instead puts power in groups, such as unions, civil rights groups, lobbies and coalitions. This theory does not necessarily mean that all groups are equal or have the same amount of power.Know More
Pluralism is especially relevant for the United States government, which has a decentralized government with many powers given to individual states, which then give powers to local governments to further decentralize power. Within each level of government there are also different branches that control different parts of the system so that no one person or group has too much power. Separation of power and the system of checks and balances is an essential part of both pluralist theory and the United States government.
In pluralism, the central government acts as a mediator rather than an all-powerful position that rules unchallenged. This fits well in the original creation of the United States, where the Founding Fathers wished to move away from the very centralized, elite government of England. Pluralism encourages competition between groups as they try to come up with the best way to deal with issues, so the society continues to move forward. Although there is value to theory, it is not an official system recognized by the United States government.Learn more about Types of Government
A good example of a country with an autocratic government is the Russian Empire before the February Revolution in 1917. An autocracy is a government in which one person has absolute power, and the tsar of Russia had such power.Full Answer >
A presidential system of government is one in which a popularly elected head of state acts as the overall authority in the country. The term has been in use in the United States since before the Civil War to distinguish it from the British system. One of the benefits of the presidential system is that change may be implemented quickly, requiring only a willing leader.Full Answer >
The political theory of hyperpluralism holds that special-interest groups have become too numerous and influential in politics, either causing or contributing to government gridlock. It is an extension of the pluralism theory, which is the view that while power is centralized in the government, special-interest groups are able to influence that power.Full Answer >
The Mayan government featured control of government operations and political affairs primarily at the state level; individual city-states derived leadership from military leaders called nacoms and high priests or kings, who ruled as individuals or in groups. Typically, each city-state under Mayan control combined military rule with religious law. Although some Mayan states enjoyed autonomy, others fell under control by larger units called capital cities.Full Answer >