Pluralism is the theory that many different groups run a country, rather than individuals. Pluralism critiques direct democracy and instead puts power in groups, such as unions, civil rights groups, lobbies and coalitions. This theory does not necessarily mean that all groups are equal or have the same amount of power.Know More
Pluralism is especially relevant for the United States government, which has a decentralized government with many powers given to individual states, which then give powers to local governments to further decentralize power. Within each level of government there are also different branches that control different parts of the system so that no one person or group has too much power. Separation of power and the system of checks and balances is an essential part of both pluralist theory and the United States government.
In pluralism, the central government acts as a mediator rather than an all-powerful position that rules unchallenged. This fits well in the original creation of the United States, where the Founding Fathers wished to move away from the very centralized, elite government of England. Pluralism encourages competition between groups as they try to come up with the best way to deal with issues, so the society continues to move forward. Although there is value to theory, it is not an official system recognized by the United States government.Learn more about Types of Government
A presidential system of government is one in which a popularly elected head of state acts as the overall authority in the country. The term has been in use in the United States since before the Civil War to distinguish it from the British system. One of the benefits of the presidential system is that change may be implemented quickly, requiring only a willing leader.Full Answer >
The pluralist approach is to assess a situation or circumstance while using multiple sciences or philosophies to find a solution or explanation. When studying or observing the behavior of people on an international level, the pluralist approach is often useful. Pluralists ultimately believe that diversity exists not just within society but throughout the entire universe. The pluralist approach to action and or understanding values multiple possibilities and outcomes.Full Answer >
Governments create law, order and stability in society. They also protect a society against rule by despotism, a scenario in which tyrannical people with power and resources assert their role over people living in an area. Protecting citizens from external threats is another important role of government.Full Answer >
Government is a necessary measure for people to be able to protect their personal property interests. The idea stems from John Locke's "Second Treatise on Government," on which much of the United States Constitution is based.Full Answer >