Use of the term "cop" to refer to a police officer came about because a "copper" is someone who captures or seizes something in English slang. The word "cop" came to mean apprehension in the mid-19th century, and since police officers often capture or seize criminals, English officers came to be known as "coppers." The tradition spread to the United States, and eventually it was shortened to "cop."Know More
There are a number of apocryphal theories concerning the true origin of the term "cop." One of the most common theories suggests that it is an acronym for "constable on patrol," but there is no historical or etymological evidence to back up this interpretation. Most acronym-based words entered the language in the 20th century, and police officers have been called cops or coppers for much longer. Another common misconception is that the term refers to copper buttons that an officer would wear on his uniform, but this is similarly unsupported by any historical evidence.
Police officers have been called coppers since at least 1846, and by 1859, the shortened term entered common use. Before 1846, police officers in England were referred to as "Bobbies," named after Sir Robert Peel, the creator of the first Metropolitan Police force in London in 1828.Learn more about Law Enforcement
"ATF police" likely refers to agents of the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. This federal law enforcement agency is part of the Department of Justice.Full Answer >
To become a police officer, complete the required education level, send an application to a police department and finish the training program, according to Study.com. After graduating from the police academy training program, an individual can start working as a police officer and eventually select a specialization.Full Answer >
According to the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the police oath is: "On my honor, I won't betray my badge, my integrity, my character or public trust. I'll have the courage to hold myself and others accountable for our actions. I'll uphold the constitution, community and agency I serve."Full Answer >
Most police officers work eight-hour shifts each day, but some police departments run 10- and 12-hour shift rosters. In a typical eight-hour system, there are three shifts rotating over a 24-hour period.Full Answer >