Political ideology influences social policy due to the beliefs that individual policy makers hold. These ideologies vary along a scale of liberal to conservative. According to Justin Quinn of About.com, conservative social policy goals are influenced by traditional religious beliefs. According to Suffolk Community College’s Professor Norman West, liberal ideology focuses on equal opportunities.
In the United States, policy makers that hold a conservative political ideology write social policy that if often influenced by religious beliefs, restricts or eliminates abortion, reflects a traditional view of marriage. Conservative social policy also usually opposes restrictions on the use or ownership of firearms. Conservative social policy also calls for large amounts of defense funding. Policy makers that subscribe to a liberal point of view support social policy that increases access to abortion or keeps the status quo of current abortion laws, allows for non-traditional marriages and seeks to reduce religious intervention in public affairs. Social liberal policy makers also support programs that promote equal opportunity for all citizens, including affirmative action.
Moderate political ideology seeks a midpoint between the two political ideologies. Moderate social policy is often a compromise between conservative and liberal issues.Learn More
Though they are U.S. citizens, Puerto Rican citizens cannot cast votes in U.S. presidential elections. They can vote in a presidential primary, and they send delegates to the political conventions. The same is true for the other U.S. territories of Guam, American Samoa and the Virgin Islands.Full Answer >
Four advantages incumbents have when running for office are: visibility, experience, time and money. Incumbents who run for office often win. For example, in November, 2004, 25 of the 26 incumbents running in the United States Senate election and 396 of the 401 incumbents running in U.S. House of Representatives election won their seat.Full Answer >
The British Prime Minister is not directly elected; instead, he is appointed by the Queen after the general election. The leader of the party that secures the most seats in the House of Commons automatically becomes Prime Minister and subsequently forms the government.Full Answer >
William McKinley won the Presidential election of 1896 because voters liked his approach to ending the deep economic depression the country was in at the time. In addition, his campaign manager, Mark Hanna, outspent McKinley's opponent, Democrat William Jennings Bryan by five to one, running what some consider the first modern campaign.Full Answer >