Political ideology influences social policy due to the beliefs that individual policy makers hold. These ideologies vary along a scale of liberal to conservative. According to Justin Quinn of About.com, conservative social policy goals are influenced by traditional religious beliefs. According to Suffolk Community College’s Professor Norman West, liberal ideology focuses on equal opportunities.Know More
In the United States, policy makers that hold a conservative political ideology write social policy that if often influenced by religious beliefs, restricts or eliminates abortion, reflects a traditional view of marriage. Conservative social policy also usually opposes restrictions on the use or ownership of firearms. Conservative social policy also calls for large amounts of defense funding. Policy makers that subscribe to a liberal point of view support social policy that increases access to abortion or keeps the status quo of current abortion laws, allows for non-traditional marriages and seeks to reduce religious intervention in public affairs. Social liberal policy makers also support programs that promote equal opportunity for all citizens, including affirmative action.
Moderate political ideology seeks a midpoint between the two political ideologies. Moderate social policy is often a compromise between conservative and liberal issues.Learn more about Elections
The term "social climate" is a sociological term that refers to the general feelings, attitudes, beliefs and opinions on a subject within society. Social climate is closely related to ideas such as the political climate, which refers to the general feelings of the public about modern political issues, and the Zeitgeist school of thought, which refers to the dominant intellectual beliefs of society during a particular time frame.Full Answer >
The definition of a social welfare policy is social services provided by a government for its citizens. Examples of social welfare in the United States include Medicare, Medicaid, temporary assistance for needy families, food benefits and section 8 housing assistance. Other programs, such as workers compensation, unemployment insurance and Social Security benefits are also considered social welfare programs.Full Answer >
A winner-take-all election is when the political candidate who receives the most number of votes wins the election. It is the predominant method of voting in the United States.Full Answer >
Self-announcement occurs when a person who wants to run for office announces his candidacy. It is the oldest form of nomination and is used currently in small towns or by people who are unhappy with their political party's choice of candidate. For example, a democrat who is unhappy with the party's choice of a presidential candidate could self-announce that he is running for president as an independent.Full Answer >