The powers denied to Congress are enumerated in Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution of the United States. A key provision necessary for passing the original Constitution was a compromise between the free and slave states. In that section of the Constitution, Congress was prevented from interfering with the slave trade until at least 1808.Know More
Other powers denied to Congress include suspending the writ of habeas corpus, except in the event of rebellion or invasion. This prevents a person from being held against his will without just cause and judicial oversight. Congress is also prevented from enacting any ex post facto laws or passing a bill of attainder.
Ex post facto laws are enacted retroactively and are designed to penalize someone for something that is not illegal at the time the act is committed. A bill of attainder is a law designed to have a negative impact on a single person or a group of people.
Congress is denied the power to tax goods that are shipped from one state to another. Congress cannot give a commercial advantage to one state over another. Originally, the Constitution precluded Congress from levying an income tax. A subsequent amendment to the Constitution granted this power to Congress.Learn more about Branches of Government
The Constitution of the United States assigns several powers to the president, including the power to veto or sign legislation, convene or adjourn Congress and command the armed forces. The U.S. President also nominates and assigns heads of governmental departments, issues pardons for federal offenses and issues executive orders without congressional approval.Full Answer >
The United States Congress must meet at least once every year, according to Article I, Section 4 of the Constitution. The article states that the meeting should occur on the first Monday in December. The ratification of Amendment 20 on January 23, 1933 changed the date of the first meeting to noon on January 3.Full Answer >
The Elastic Clause, formally known as the Necessary and Proper Clause, allows Congress to enact laws that are necessary and proper to carry out the powers given by the Constitution. Congress has the opportunity to act or create laws where the Constitution does not explicitly give the authority to act.Full Answer >
In Congress, a rider is an amendment made to a bill that does not have a strong association with the bill's content. Riders are often controversial in nature, with one example including a proposal designed to increase the amount donors can give in the 2015 spending bill.Full Answer >