A preliminary investigation is a process that takes place immediately after a crime has been committed, in which police or investigators determine whether there is sufficient evidence or cause to charge the defendant or suspect.Know More
The first law enforcement on the scene are usually the ones to carry out any preliminary procedures and help to ensure the safety of law enforcement and citizens. The preliminary investigation often involves steps such as assessing the situation or resolving crime in progress. Afterwards, law enforcement determine if any additional services, such as medical or emergency assistance, are required. According to Legal Source, officers must then determine if a crime has been committed, and if so, what type of crime. Identifying suspects, witnesses and victims can assist officers in determining whether a crime has occurred.
After gathering evidence from the scene, officers must then determine if there is sufficient evidence or reason to arrest and charge any suspects. Officers often use eye-witness accounts, security device footage such as security camera videos or audio, and crime-scene evidence in order to identify and charge any suspected individuals. If there proves to be enough evidence to support a charge, law enforcement may arrest and charge the suspect, who then goes on trial.Learn more about Law
A preliminary inquiry is a legal procedure that determines if the prosecution has gathered enough evidence to move forward with their case, according to the Cornell University Law School. It is also known as a preliminary hearing.Full Answer >
A preliminary examination is a court hearing in which the prosecutor must prove to the judge that there is enough evidence and probable cause for a case to go to trial, according to Cornell University Law School. The hearing does not determine the guilt of the defendant.Full Answer >
According to Lawyers.com, when bond is revoked, any assets that are used to post the bond are sent to the state, and the defendant is apprehended by a bail bondsman. The Nest mentions that a defendant is either jailed or brought before the court.Full Answer >
A grand jury formally accuses a defendant when it hands down an indictment. The grand jury process is limited. Only the prosecuting attorney presents information.Full Answer >