The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.Know More
As head of the executive branch, presidents are unable to craft new legislation; all legislation much be passed by Congress. While the president often plays a role in crafting legislation, it is up to Congress to vote on and pass it. However, the president can veto any piece of legislation. This veto power is limited because a two-thirds majority vote in both the House and the Senate will override the veto and make the legislation law. In practice, these votes are rare.
While presidents have a duty to enforce laws, they can also choose how to interpret it. As a result, presidents can often avoid areas of the law they find objectionable. In recent years, so-called "signing statements" have become more popular. These statements outline how the president interprets the legislation.
Congress often has few means of recourse if a president chooses to ignore parts of a law. In practice, this usually means that the president fails to enforce certain laws. Executive orders also allow presidents to exercise power over a limited area of government.Learn More
According to the 25th Amendment of the Constitution, if the vice president of the United States dies while the president is still in office, the president has the power to appoint a new vice president subject to the approval of both houses of Congress. If both the president and the vice president die, the speaker of the house becomes president, according to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947.Full Answer >
Under Article I, Section 7 of the United States Constitution, the president has the authority to veto legislation that is passed by Congress. After receiving a legislative bill, the president is given 10 days to sign the bill into law or to veto it, either by regular or pocket veto.Full Answer >
Congress can check the president by overriding a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote, by confirming or rejecting cabinet members or other appointees the president has selected, and by subpoenaing as witnesses and holding in contempt people to whom the president has offered pardons. In addition, only Congress can initiate legislation, so if a president wants a bill passed, he must lobby Congress.Full Answer >
Today, the two houses of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, are broadly similar, and they both craft and vote on legislation. The House must initiate budget-related bills, and the Senate has oversight for presidential nomination.Full Answer >