The president asserts influence over Congress by the use of the bully pulpit and the presidential veto. The bully pulpit is a term that refers to the use of the power of a political office to convince people of an idea or piece of legislation. If Congress passes legislation that is undesirable to the president, then the president may issues a veto and return the legislation to Congress.Know More
The three branches of government work independently, and the president has no direct influence over Congressional matters. By the use of the bully pulpit, the president rouses the citizenry to press their Congressional representatives for the outcome the president desires. If a bill passes through the legislature despite the president's use of the bully pulpit, the president has the option to refuse to sign the legislation and send the legislation back to the originating body. Congress then needs a two-thirds majority to override the presidential veto and make the bill into a law without a presidential signature.
The president uses both the bully pulpit and veto option sparingly in order to concentrate presidential power. Presidential threats to veto legislation are more common and offer a warning to Congressional members to prevent a bill from going to the floor of either chamber for a vote.Learn more about Branches of Government
A pocket veto occurs when Congress adjourns before the president signs a bill into law. The United States Constitution states the president has ten days to sign or veto legislation. If Congress adjourns within the ten-day period, then the bill does not become law.Full Answer >
The non-legislative powers of Congress include the abilities to amend the constitution, approve presidential appointments, investigate matters that interfere with or impede its legislative duties, impeach officials, and choose a president if no majority winner emerges as the result of an election. The Senate also must approve candidates for vice president because the vice president is also the president of the Senate.Full Answer >
Only the United States Congress has the right to declare war, but a U.S. president can authorize the use of armed forces abroad provided that Congress is informed within 48 hours and under the condition that all forces must be withdrawn if Congress does not grant an extension within 60 days. These provisions are included in the War Powers Resolution passed by Congress in 1973. The resolution was a Congressional reaction to American presidents committing growing numbers of troops to action in Southeast Asia for almost 10 years during the Vietnam Conflict.Full Answer >
A two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and in the Senate is required to override a presidential veto. The exact number depends on how many representatives vote; therefore, the actual number is subject to change.Full Answer >