The role of the president’s cabinet is split into two broad categories: advising the president on issues to do with policy and carrying out any agreed upon plans. U.S. Cabinet members are given the title of Secretary.Know More
In the United States, the president is the head of state and ultimately responsible for the things that happen while he is in office, but it is impossible for him to manage every area of government personally. To facilitate management, each department of government is represented by a cabinet member. Each department is then in a better position to advise the president on issues that have to do with specific areas of governance. The president is thus able to make informed decisions about these departments without being directly involved in their day-to-day operations, and the cabinet members carry out plans accordingly.
As of 2014, the cabinet is comprised of 15 secretaries, the Attorney General and the Vice President. Departments change over time or are occasionally renamed. At present, the departments are Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs.
These positions are filled through presidential appointment after Senate confirmation. As head of the Executive Branch, the president is free to reassign or dismiss these appointees at will.Learn More
The official presiding officer of the U.S. Senate is the vice president, but a president pro tempore is elected to fulfill the duties when the vice president is not in attendance. The vice president normally does not preside unless he needs to cast the deciding vote on an issue.Full Answer >
A senator has a term of six years. Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms. Re-election is possible and increases the number of years a congressman or senator serves.Full Answer >
As of April 2014, Nevada Democrat Harry Reid is the U.S. Senate majority leader. The U.S. Senate minority leader is Republican Mitch McConnell of Kentucky.Full Answer >
Representatives to the U.S. House of Representatives are elected every two years. This means that all representative seats are up for election at the same time, both in the years of presidential elections and in the midterm election years.Full Answer >