The primary purpose of tort law in the United States is to redress imbalances caused by the actions or inaction of parties that have aggrieved others and somehow caused harm. The aggrieved parties have the right to seek compensation for damages, according to Dictionary.com.Know More
Tort law deals with civil wrongs, which are distinct from criminal acts and do not involve breach of contract. According to Wikipedia, the wrongs that can be litigated in tort cases involve actions or negligent inaction that result in physical harm, monetary loss, damage to a person's reputation and contamination of the environment. The actions described in the complaint may or may not also be criminal acts.
The purpose of bringing a tort case is to either recover a cash award that, in theory, fairly compensates the victim for damages suffered. Alternatively, the settlement of a tort case can compel a certain action on the part of the losing party, such as issuing a retraction in a defamation suit. Wikipedia notes that tort harms, unlike certain criminal acts, may be wholly unintentional, and that they therefore require a far lower standard of proof to be met in the event that the matter is brought before a court.Learn more about Law
A domestic violence law is any statute that punishes people who cause physical or emotional harm to family members or anyone they share a close relationship with, says HG.org. The majority of domestic violence cases are prosecuted under state law, but federal legislation also makes domestic violence a crime.Full Answer >
A divorce settlement conference involves a meeting between the lawyers and the judge where both parties try to settle their differences, according to Illinois law firm Gitlin & Busche. This type of conference occurs before a trial and before pre-trial case management proceedings.Full Answer >
The primary difference between national and international law is that national law governs the actions of citizens within the borders of a country while international law is concerned with regulations and relationships between sovereign states. National law, also called domestic law, and international law share similar characteristics, but operate on different levels. Both national and international laws establish rules, regulations and norms for behavior and proper conduct, but while national law governs the actions only of people within national borders, international law concerns the actions of citizens over a larger area.Full Answer >
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act is an act of Congress signed into law by President Richard Nixon, which extends criminal penalties and creates civil penalties for illegal actions committed by an individual as part of a corrupt organization. According to the Wall Street Journal, the RICO Act was passed in order to give the justice system the ability to charge mafia bosses.Full Answer >