Democratic governments allow people to choose their leaders, which many view as morally necessary, but it does not ensure that qualified leaders are elected. Democracy also allows people to remove ineffective leaders.Know More
Democratic theory holds that people will vote based on rational self-interest. By voting for a candidate who promises to support policies that help the largest segment of the electorate, the will of the citizens is upheld. Democratic governments are often seen as morally necessary because many believe that the population has a right to select their government.
However, Plato and other philosophers have argued that democratic governments are inferior to enlightened forms of monarchies, oligarchies and other forms of government. Modern philosophers sometimes argue that relatively inexperienced politicians are sometimes given a great deal of power, and this power leads to abuse and corruption.
Others point out that democracies can enshrine widely held but immoral beliefs. The institution of slavery, for example, lasted for almost 100 years after the introduction of democracy in the United States, and other forms of legal discrimination survived for more that 100 years after it was abolished. Philosophers often refer to the "tyranny of the majority" and argue that other forms of government would have the power to outlaw and eliminate human rights abuses.Learn more in Types of Government
Aristocracy can be seen in both a positive and negative light since it can be considered a pro to allow the most educated people in a nation to make the biggest decisions regarding that nation, yet it can be considered a con to allow a few people to make important decisions for an entire people. In today's democratic world, the term aristocracy is typically considered negative because it often means that a small, wealthy portion of the population is controlling the entire nation, leading to a disparity in individual rights.Full Answer >
Isolationism is the philosophy of remaining apart from the affairs of another group. This is especially true as it regards the affairs of a country. The main benefit of this approach is that a country tends to avoid costly and deadly wars.Full Answer >
The main benefit of socialism is the smaller amount of inequalities between all citizens, but socialism can lead to communism, which has been shown to fail in the past. There are many definitions of socialism but, in general, a socialist society has a larger and more powerful government that is meant to distribute tax revenue and goods evenly.Full Answer >
A pro of imperialism is it that it can modernize other nations. A con of imperialism is that it has led to the murder of millions of people throughout history.Full Answer >