One of the arguments against trying juveniles as adults is that adult prison exposes young offenders to the negative influence of being incarcerated with older and hardened criminals. Supporters of trying juveniles as adults point out that there have been horrendous crimes committed by what have been referred to as "juvenile super predators," and that if an offender is "old enough to do the crime," then they are also "old enough to do the time." In the majority of states in the United States, juveniles can be tried as adults for serious crimes such as gang-related acts and murder.Know More
One of the arguments for trying a juvenile offender as an adult is that not doing so is unfair to the offender's victim. It implies that the crime was not serious enough and the victim is unworthy of respect. There is also the concern that the judicial system may be viewed as less punitive if juvenile offenders spend less time than adults do in jail. Some law enforcement officers also point out that they have dealt personally with juveniles who have already reached the status of hardened criminals.
Opponents of trying juveniles as adults claim that the young offenders are less culpable than adults for their actions. Because of their age, these criminals are developmentally less mature, more erratic and susceptible to the influence of negative peer group pressure. The separate juvenile court system is designed to prevent young offenders from being "schooled in crime" and preyed upon by the hardened criminals they would be exposed to in the adult criminal system.Learn more about Legal Ages
In the United States, no federal law exists setting an age at which children can stay home along unsupervised, although some states have certain restrictions on age for children to stay home alone as well as duration of unsupervised period. Generally, individual families have quite a bit of flexibility in determining when children are physically and emotionally mature enough to remain home without parental supervision. Although most states do not have specific ages for leaving kids alone, some states, such as Maryland, require children who are age 8 or younger to have adult supervision, such as a babysitter or nanny, when parents must leave the home.Full Answer >
The required age for children to use a booster seat in a car varies by state, according to the Governors Highway Safety Association. Booster seat requirements are generally based on age as well as weight and height, although some states have laws based on just one of these variables.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Department of Labor's Fair Labor Standards, a 12-year-old is not allowed to work in a shop. The minimum age for working in a shop is 14 years old; however, the hours a 14-year-old may work are severely restricted.Full Answer >
As of 2014, students in California who are 16 and 17 years old can leave school if they have graduated high school, passed the California High School Proficiency Exam, or CHSPE, or have permission from their parents. Students who do not have at least one of these requirements are required to stay in school until they turn 18 years of age.Full Answer >