Congress passed the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 to help stave off effects of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. The Act resulted in formation of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, a New Deal agency charged with controlling American crop yields to keep prices high enough to support farmers.Know More
According to the Oklahoma Historical Society, farmers throughout the country were desperate by 1933 as plunging crop and livestock prices were ruining them financially. Following passage of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, however, farmers received payment to cut production of particular commodities until those commodities' prices returned to sustainable levels. The program tended to help those who owned and operated large farms more than those whose farms were small.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act was administered by agricultural engineers and economists who, after gathering input from farmers, established production levels throughout the nation. Critics of this centralized form of control decried the lack of relief for small farm owners. However, according to the North Carolina History Project, the program was generally a success. The income of the average farmer climbed by 30 percent during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term. Many of those who had owned small farms left the industry to pursue other lines of work.Learn more about Law
Congress passed the War Powers Act in 1973 to limit the power of the U.S. president to send troops into combat without congressional authorization. The act stipulates that the president must inform Congress of commitment of troops abroad within 48 hours, withdraw troops within 60 days and complete the withdrawal within a 30-day extension period unless Congress approves the deployment.Full Answer >
According to Cornell University, the purpose of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is to set a federally mandated minimum wage and maximum hours for a work week. It also provides standards regarding overtime pay, pay equality, record-keeping and child labor.Full Answer >
The National Industrial Recovery Act allowed the president of the United States at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt, to regulate industry in an attempt to alleviate the financial effects of the Great Depression and stimulate economic growth. Its secondary purpose was the establishment of the U.S. Public Works Administration.Full Answer >
When the caseload of the Supreme Court became overwhelming and federal court filings began to increase exponentially, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1891, also known as the Evarts Act, to establish nine courts of appeal.Full Answer >