The Bill of Rights is one of the cornerstones of American freedoms, and it is in place to protect the rights of the citizens. The Bill of Rights was put in place in order to ensure that people are guaranteed a number of personal freedoms, and that the government does not become so powerful as to present a threat to the population.
The Bill of Rights limits the government’s power when it comes to issues such as judicial proceedings. It contains 10 Amendments that are dedicated to protecting the citizenry. The First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech, press, assembly and petition. The Second Amendment provides the right to bear arms, while the Third Amendment protects the citizens' rights to allow or deny the quartering of troops. The Fourth Amendment provides for search and seizure rights and protects citizens from searches without a warrant. The Fifth to 10th Amendments are concerned with the right to due process in court, the right to jury trial and counsel, common law suits, cruel punishments, non-enumerated rights and the rights reserved to people. The Bill of Rights essentially protects the citizenry, making it some of the most important pieces of legislation in any government system.