The main purpose of a national nominating convention is to select the party’s presidential nominee. This convention adopts the party’s principles and goals, commonly known as platform, and adopts the rules of the activities of the party, including the process of nominating the presidential candidate for the next general election. Generally, it refers to the two events: the Republican National Convention and the Democrats National Convention.
George Washington University states that the major parties' national nominating conventions are supported and funded by non-profit and non-partisan host committees, as well as by the Presidential Election Campaign Fund. In most cases, taxpayers' money is only used to lesser degrees. Host committees fulfill a host of functions, including promoting the host city, among other logistical issues. They then embark on raising money, organizing events and recruiting volunteers. Because these conventions only occur every four years, leaders and delegates of the parties use these platforms to discuss the rules of their specific parties. In such conventions, they can adopt new party rules as well as discuss any pertinent issues affecting the party at the national level. As such, the primary goal of any national nominating convention is to unite the party before the next general elections.Learn More
The purpose of the spoils system in American politics of the 19th century was to ensure a partisan power base for office holders and reward political party allies, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. By purging political opponents and giving their jobs to supporters, a politician surrounded himself with loyal employees and expedited policy fulfillment.Full Answer >
The purpose of a primary election is to narrow the field of candidates before a general election. Primary elections allow the people to play a larger role in the nominations of the party. The two main types of primary elections in the United States are open and closed elections.Full Answer >
The purpose of the electoral college is to be a compromise between election of the president by the vote of Congress and the popular vote of the people. The founding fathers established the electoral college in the United States Constitution, believing that it would be both a buffer and provide fair power to all states regardless of size.Full Answer >
The Seneca Falls Convention in New York was established by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott in 1848 to discuss injustices against women and increase support for women's rights. Stanton drafted and read a treatise known as the "Declaration of Sentiments and Grievances," which petitioned for equal rights for women in education, voting, legal process and other privileges.Full Answer >