The main purpose of the system of checks and balances in the United States Constitution is to ensure that no one branch of the American government becomes more powerful than the others. This is also referred to as the separation of powers. While this model's roots can be traced back to ancient Greece, the American Constitution borrows heavily on this idea from the French Enlightenment philosopher, Baron de Montesquieu.Know More
The three branches of government include the executive, judiciary and legislative. The executive branch includes the president, the judiciary includes the Supreme Court and the legislative includes Congress. Power is limited in many ways, but an example of checks and balances with regard to the legislative branch includes the president's ability to veto a law that is passed by Congress. Similarly, the judicial branch, or the Supreme Court, may deem a law that is passed by Congress to be unconstitutional. While the president appoints members to the Supreme Court, the appointments have to be approved by Congress.
There are many roles of each branch of government, but every function of each role is designed so that it is checked over by another branch of government. For example, while the judiciary branch can proclaim interpretations of laws by Congress, they cannot change them.Learn more about Branches of Government
The purpose of a filibuster is to prevent a piece of legislation from being passed in the Senate. A Senator seeks permission to address the Senate and continues talking for an indefinite period of time in an effort to delay or discourage a bill's passing.Full Answer >
The purpose of the spoils system in American politics of the 19th century was to ensure a partisan power base for office holders and reward political party allies, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. By purging political opponents and giving their jobs to supporters, a politician surrounded himself with loyal employees and expedited policy fulfillment.Full Answer >
The main purpose of the executive branch is to be sure the laws of the nation are followed and that the responsibilities of government are fulfilled. The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President and Cabinet members.Full Answer >
According to the American Bar Association, a pretrial hearing is often used to help the judge manage the case, help establish a time frame for all pretrial activities and set a tentative date for the trial. In some instances, a judge may refer special cases, such as child custody hearings, to a special program including dispute resolutions or arbitration.Full Answer >