The United States Constitution does not specify any qualifications for Supreme Court justices, and no special requirements exist concerning age, education, profession, experience or citizenship. Justices do not need to have particular legal experience, nor do they need to be lawyers. However, as of 2014, all justices have had some sort of preparation in law.Know More
For example, during the 18th and 19th centuries, the United States did not have many law schools. Consequently, some of the justices were trained by legal mentors.
Certain justices followed unusual paths to the Supreme Court. For instance, James F. Byrnes, who served on the bench in 1941 and 1942, never finished high school. A self-taught lawyer, Byrnes passed the bar when he was 23 years old. Another example concerns Robert H. Jackson, who sat on the Supreme Court from 1941 to 1954. Though he never earned a bachelor's degree, Jackson completed Albany Law School in New York when he was 20 but was not awarded the advance degree at the time because rules stated that graduates from the program had to be at least 21. Instead, Jackson was issued a "diploma of graduation." Albany Law School did award him the degree almost 30 years later. The graduation year was identified as 1912.Learn more about Branches of Government
Thurgood Marshall was the first African-American Supreme Court justice. He was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson and approved by Congress on Oct. 2, 1967. Marshall served on the Supreme Court for 24 years.Full Answer >
The U.S. Supreme Court decides criminal and civil appeals cases that involve federal law, according to the U.S. Justice Department’s Offices of the United States Attorneys. Cases come from other federal appeals courts and from state courts, as long as the question involves federal statutes or the U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >
As of 2014, there are nine United States Supreme Court judges. The number of justices that sit on the Supreme Court is set by Congress and ranges from five to 10.Full Answer >
The approval process for the U.S. Supreme court is twofold, with the President nominating a candidate and the Senate confirming the nominee. This process is required by the U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >