According to the legal information site HG.org, a person is qualified to sue for slander if he has proof of being defamed verbally and can show that he has suffered damages as a result. Defamation is a false statement about a person that leads the subject to suffer injury, such as financially, professionally or personally.Know More
According to HG.org, the slander must include either a false statement of fact or an opinion that is designed to intentionally inflict harm. Negative statements that are true or negative opinions that are not made with malignant intent are protected by free speech and typically do not entitle a person to sue for slander.
In addition to meeting those requirements, the statement must cause actual, quantifiable harm to the subject. Statements that are false but do not harm the subject are not actionable. For example, the loss of a job resulting from false statements qualifies a person to sue. The attorneys at HG.org also state that a person needs proof to pursue a suit for slander. Proof can include witness statements, audio recordings or another type of record of the slanderous statement.
According to FindLaw, statements that occur during a judicial or legislative inquiry, statements made between spouses and statements made as required by law are immune to a defamation suit. Additionally, standards for public figures and nonpublic figures for proving falsity vary.Learn more about Law
It is common practice to file a claim with the local city, town or county instead of suing someone in court when a car sustains damages from driving over potholes. About.com recommends researching information about the road commission that handles streets in the area of the pothole. Drivers can then seek reimbursement from the municipality.Full Answer >
The plaintiff in a court case is the person who has filed a complaint/charges against the defendant for prosecution by the courts, while the defendant is the person who is refuting the charges and is seeking to prove their innocence. This is the beginning of a lawsuit in both state and federal courts.Full Answer >
The Fifth Amendment requires that a grand jury bring charges against a person who is charged with a felony in federal court and in some state courts, explains the University of Dayton School of Law. The federal court system has regular and special grand juries.Full Answer >
An indictment is a determination by a grand jury to pursue charges against a person, while an arraignment occurs after indictment or arrest when the court reads the charges against the defendant and the defendant enters a plea, according to Lawyers.com. Pleas entered during indictment include guilty and not guilty.Full Answer >